Thurgood Marshall African American Civil rights leader that worked to bring social equality among blacks and whites and create equal OPPORTUNITY for everyone.

(S) Marshal went to college to study Law at Howard University, Marshall worked for the NAACP to establish equality among blacks. Then he was appointed in the Supreme Court and served for 24 years. He later dies of heart disease on January 24, 1993

(P) Thurgood Marshall was born in Baltimore Maryland and attended Frederick Douglass High School. Marshall's school was a good school,with good students. He was placed in the top classes with the best students and graduated a year early placing 3rd in his class.

(P) At the age of 32,Marshall won the chambers vs. Florida case. In the same year, he started the NAACP legal defense and educational fund. As head of the NAACP he succesfully argued many cases and won 29 out of 32 cases before the supreme court.

(Primary Source) Before his nomination to the Court, Thurgood Marshall was the executive director and counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Legal Defense and Educational Fund. In this role, he pursued legal cases that could be used to "challenge the constitutiona of segregation." In this 1941 memo to the NAACP legal staff, Marshall discusses a voting rights case in Texas.

(P) After being chosen by Lyndon B. Johnson, Marshall became the first African American to be in the supreme court. He successfully argued the Brown vs. Board of Education, that the segregation of schools in the south was unconstitutional. The supreme court ruled in favor of the Browns and integrated schools in the south giving blacks a chance to go to a good school.

(Q) Marshall describes his philosophy as" you do what is right and let the law catch up." In other words he means:he is going to strive to gain rights for the blacks, and the law will demonstrate that.

(P) Marshall was married twice. His first wife was viven Burey in 1929, then she died. After her death, in 1955 he married Cecillia Suyat in December of that year. Shortly after, he had 2 children.

(P) In 1991 Marshal retired from the supreme court due to heath problems. In his retirement press he made it clear that race shouldn't matter who would takeover his spot. He was unhappy that George W Bush would replace him, but Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to replace Marshall.

(P) On January 24, 1993, Marshall died of heart failure at the National Naval Media Center a 2:58 in Besthesda, Maryland. Marshall died at the age of 84 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. His second wife and their 2 sons survived him.

There are numerous memorials to Marshall. One that's a 8 foot statue that stands in Lawyers Mall next to the Maryland State House. Another one depicts Marshall as a young lawyer and is placed in front of the old Maryland Supreme Court Building.

Works Cited

Hank Walker/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images. "The Awakening of Thurgood Marshall." The Marshall Project. N.p., 16 Nov. 2016. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

Haskins, James. N.p., Oct.-Nov. 1994. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

S, Seth. "Log in." Britannica School. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

"Thurgood Marshall - Primary Sources." Enoch Pratt Free Library - Your Journey Starts Here. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

"Thurgood Marshall." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 24 Jan. 2017. Web. 02 Apr. 2017.

"Thurgood Marshall." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Mar. 2017. Web. 30 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by cliff1066™ - "Thurgood Marshall, 1956 by Betsy Graves Reyneau, Oil on canvas" • Kevin Coles - "Howard University - Washington, DC" • BruceEmmerling - "baltimore inner harbor ships" • MDGovpics - "Howard County NAACP Freedom Fund Dinner"

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