Hot Desert THar desert

Climate of the Thar Desert

  • Average rainfall- 8.9 in per year min- 3.9 in per year max- 19.7 IN per year
  • Average temperature- 75-79 degrees F in summer, 39-50 degrees F in winter
  • Hotter wetter monsoon season and a dryer colder season

Net Primary Productivity

The desert ecosystem a relatively low net primary productivity compared to other ecosystem due to lack or rainfall leading to a lack or organisms. many of the world's Deserts located at either the tropic of Cancer or tropic of Capricorn however there are many exceptions such as Antarctica. The desert biome usually consists of a few specialized sices such as a cactus.

Soil quality

The soil quality of a desert is very poor because of the lack of nutrients that sand has. the desert is not used for for farming because the lack of nutrients as well probably a lack or water in the area and temperature variation the the desert faces from day to night.

Evasive & Endangered


The great Indian bustard in found through out the Thar desert has been classified as endangered in 2013. This was because of over harvesting from the hunting of the bird and also because habitat destruction that has occurred.


the Thar desert is home to the endangered Indian wild ass or locally known as Ghudkhur. The wild ass has been recently added to the endanger spices list because continuous population decline caused by over harvesting by hunters.

Invasive species

Prosopis Juliflora is a small bush or shrub that has become an invasive spices in some parts of the Thar desert. This shrub is native to Mexico, south America, and the Caribbean. This shrub has become invasive in places in Africa, India and Australia due to accidental introduction into the ecosystems there.

Animals in the Thar Desert

Indian spiny tailed lizard

The Indian spiny tailed lizard had thrived in the desert environment due to its quickness which allow it to catch pray quickly. The lizard can also survive with long times without direct water which makes it perfect for the desert environment.

Saw-scaled viper

The Saw-scaled viper is a great predator due to its amazing hunting and camouflage skills. The snake is a great at thriving in desert because of the little number of competition or predator the snake has.

The Indian spotted eagle

The Indian spotted eagle has thrived in the desert climate by eating small mammal's, snakes and other smaller birds with no major predators

Plants in the Thar desert

Ziziphus jujuba(Jujube)

Jujube is a small tee or shrub that has little shiny green leafs on it and is found in northern India and part of china. This is a great shrub for some parts the desert due to its strong resistance to drought

Aerva javanica (Desert Cotton)

The Aerva javanica has thrived in the Thar desert due to its deep roots which can get lot of water as well as it resistance to drought and rapid changes to temperature.

Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda Grass)

This type of grass originated in the middle east and then spread quickly due to its ability to create seeds quickly and spread them quickly and efficiently. The grass is very hardy and can survive all types of conditions. These two things combined causes this grass to spread quickly and be come an invasive species.

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