Cocoa Kein Crevatin

Yes it is, that beautiful ingredient that makes our live complete, cocoa. It grown all around the globe from Ghana to Ecuador, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, Brazil, Indonesia, West Indies as well as many smaller growing countries. Cocoa is grown in Australia but on a very small scale in north east Queensland near the Daintree. A small company Daintree Estates grows their own cocoa to make chocolate. Most cocoa plantations will be found between the tropics near the equator and in coastal countries.

Ideal growing temperatures are between 18°C - 32°C. If the temperature is below 10°C for several nights in a row the yield is likely to be reduced. Cocoa will grow over 32°C but it may reduce yield and characteristics. For larger growing areas the average rainfall is 1250 - 3000mm annually. It cannot survive through a dry period longer than 3 months. Excessive amounts of rainfall can cause higher amounts of fungal diseases. The trees cannot handle wind very well, when they are young they can be bent and broken easily.

Cocoa provides jobs from harvesting to transporting. The list jobs includes; harvester, planters, pod splitters, bean driers, baggers and transporters.

Cocoa grows on trees so there is no need for seasonal planting. Larger scale cocoa production can result in reductions in soil fertility, biodiversity also cause erosion and pesticides used can be in runoff. To many nutrients are taken from the ground and not replaced cause reductions in soil fertility. Area cleared for the planting of cocoa trees is driving native animals out of their habitats. The result of this is there are reduced animal numbers, eroded ground and unhealthy water ways. Cocoa trees provide shade and keep the ground moist during the dry season.

Drought causes a smaller yield and if drought is too long it can kill the tree. Flood can cause fungal diseases to spread and reduce the yield of the crop. Cocoa is always harvested by a hand held blade or long thin pole with an axe or fork on the end to reduce contact with that tree and flowers which can harm them.

Cocoa farming is very traditional and uses manual labour. Most countries that grow the majority of cocoa labour is relatively cheap. As more developed countries where labour is more expensive begin to grow cocoa there will be a high demand for technology and machinery in the farming of cocoa. Currently the implements used in farming cocoa are knifes, long poles and hands.

Bibliography

Cadbury. (2017). About Chocolate. Retrieved from Cadbury: https://www.cadbury.com.au/about-Chocolate/Cocoa-Growing-Countries.aspx

Government, Q. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/

Nieburg, O. (2015, April 29). Retrieved from Confectionary News: http://www.confectionerynews.com/Commodities/Cocoa-technology-to-mechanize-smallholder-farmers

Weather, H. (2017). Cape Coast. Retrieved from Holiday Weather: http://www.holiday-weather.com/cape_coast/

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Kein Crevatin
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Created with images by foto-augenblick - "cocoa beans africa ghana" • MinaLegend - "Cocoa beans" • eliasfalla - "cocoa man colombia"

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