Inventions During the Industrial Revolution

Many inventions came as a result of the Industrial Revolution in the modern world, some products like the lightbulb, first came into existence while other preexisting products got an enhancement, like what the steam engine did for transportation.

What a cloth factory looked like in the Industrial Revolution

One industry, the cotton industry, got a boost with three new inventions in the flying shuttle, the spinning jenny, and Edmund Cartwright's loom. The flying shuttle helped quicken the process on a loom and double its output. This created a shortage of yarn and then James Hargreaves's spinning Jenny was introduced. The spinning jenny increased the production of yarn in spinners. The loom was introduced in 1787, powered by water allowed weaving to catch up to the spinning of the yarn.

An example of a steam engine

Another invention that helped the cotton industry was the invention of the steam engine by James Watt, a Scottish engineer. The engine allowed water to be lumped from mines 3 times faster which increased the extraction of coal. Another invention by Watt was the rotary engine in 1782. This engine was able to drive machinery and was applied to many different uses like in spinning cotton.

A picture of Stephenson's Rocket

The transportation industry was also on the rise in 1804 when Richard Trevithick created the first steam powered locomotive. It travelled at 5 miles per hour when it had 10 tons of coal and 70 people on board. He influenced the inventors of George Stephenson and his son to build, the Rocket which was a train that travelled 16 miles per hour and used on the first public railroad lines.

A Ford Model T

Later on, transportation was also changed when the first internal combustion engine, which used oil and gasoline to work, made way for ocean liners, airplanes, and cars. This internal combustion engine was used in the Ford Model T, the first mass produced car by Henry Ford. The engine was also used in the famous flight of Orville and Wilbur Wright in the first fixed wing airplane. This led to the first passenger air service to be used in 1919

Electricity was pioneered during the Industrial Revolution. Thomas Edison and Joseph Swan helped create the first lightbulb, which then became mainstream and used in many towns, cities and even homes. Electricity gave way to many factory must haves in conveyor belts, cranes, machines, and machine tools. It also gave way to telecommunications when in 1876 Alexander Graham Bell created the telephone and in 1901 when Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio waves to America.

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