Isaac Newton By: Khaled Mohammed // period 2

Sir Isaac Newton was born in January 4, 1643 Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, United Kingdom, and died in March 31, 1727 Kensington, London, United Kingdom. He was an English natural philosopher, generally regarded as the most original and influential theorist in the history of science.

Sir Isaac Newton PRS was an English mathematician, astronomer, and physicist who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

After 1685, Newton again encountered the problem of a monarch who tried to mingle politics, religion and education. The new king, James II, wanted Trinity College to award unearned degrees to those whose religious beliefs agreed with his own. Because they would not do this, Newton and eight other teachers from Trinity College were brought before the High Court on trumped-up charges. Although the charges were rightfully dismissed, the episode had been a great strain on the men.

Newton had new ideas about motion, which he called his three laws of motion. He also had ideas about gravity, the diffraction of light and forces. Newton's ideas were so good that Queen Anne knighted him in 1705. Sir Isaac Newton died in 1727.

Newton had a huge impact on society. His studies in mathematics led to the formation of modern calculus. Through his formulas, ways were found to solve areas space occupied by anything placed along a curved surface. That was by far his greatest accomplishment in the field of math. His laws of motion and gravitation also laid the foundation for modern physics as well. All in all, Sir Isaac Newton was one of, if not the most, influential fathers of modern Calculus and all other fields of mathematics. Without his formulas, most of the things that we do in math would be impossible.

Sir Isaac Newton is one of the most famous names in both the fields of science and of mathematics. Some people attribute his fame to the fact that he derived the universal law of gravitation. Still some others remember him for his contributions to modern physics by making the three laws of motion.

Isaac Newton’s Second Law of Motion describes what happens when an external force acts upon a massive body at rest or in uniform linear motion. What happens to the body from which that external force is being applied? That situation is described by Newton’s Third Law of Motion. It states, “For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.”

He believed so, and he didn't like it. His concept of gravity seemed to involve 'occult' (in the meaning of the word as 'hidden'), forces. That bothered him. He like a mechanical explanation for everything, and the idea of forces acting at a distance didn't fit in with his world view. He put his calculations concerning the laws of attraction between heavenly bodies in a drawer, and concerned himself with other problems for 10 or 20 years until somebody working on the same problems asked him to help with the mathematics, and he remembered he had done it all years ago, pulled out the papers and gave it to them.

"In want of other proofs, the thumb would convince me of the existence of a God." As without the thumb the hand would be a defective and incomplete instrument, so without the moral will, logic, decision, faculties of which the thumb in different degrees offers the different signs, the most fertile and the most brilliant mind would only be a gift without worth."

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