Different types of shots
Different types of golf shots are used depending on the spot from where the ball is being played.
The opening shot is called the tee shot, while approach shots or feel shots, such as chip, pitch and flop shots, are played from outside the green into the green.
A fairway shot is similar to a drive when done with a fairway wood. A bunker shot is played when the ball is in a bunker (sand trap). It resembles a pitch and is done with a wedge
On the green, putts are played along the ground
Pitch: a high approach shot that makes the ball fly high and roll very little, stopping more or less where it hits the ground. Pitches are usually done with a wedge.
Flop: an even higher approach shot that stops shortly after it hits the ground. It is used when a player must play over an obstacle to the green. This high lob is usually played with a sand wedge or a lob wedge.Chip: a low approach shot where the ball makes a shallow flight and then rolls out on the green. Chips are done with a wedge or “short” (higher-numbered) iron.