Industrial Revolution John Taggart hour 7

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The industrial revolution occurred in the late 1800s and early to mid 1900s. The industrial revolution was caused by improvment of communication, improvement in technology, improvement in transportation and unsafe working conditions, long work days, child labor, slavery increasing, immigration, etc. Rapid industrialization was a blessing because it led to the seam engine, new inventions, and population growth/ more immigrants.

The industrial revolution was a blessing because it introduced the steam engine to society. In the article titled "industrial revolution" it states, "While textile machinery was developing, progress was being made in other directions. In 1763 James Watt, a Scottish mechanic, was asked to repair a model of a Newcomen steam engine. He saw how crude and inefficient it was and by a series of improvements made it a practical device for running machinery. Wheels turned by running water had been the chief source of power for the early factories. These were necessarily situated on swift-running streams. When the steam engine became efficient, it was possible to locate factories in more convenient places."
In addition to the steam engine, population growth made the industrial revolution a blessing. In the article titled "United States History Industrialization and Reform 1870-1916", subtitled "Immigration", it states, "The United States had always been made up mainly of immigrants. But from 1845 through 1860, more than 100,000 immigrants arrived in the country every year. Most came to find opportunities in the growing U.S. economy. A majority settled in the North because slavery reduced the opportunities available to free workers in the South. The immigrants made major contributions to the economic growth of the United States. They came from many countries, but the largest numbers were from Ireland and Germany. Irish men and women had been coming to the United States since the 1600's, many as indentured servants. In the mid-1840's, a famine in Ireland caused mass starvation. Huge numbers of Irish used meager savings to leave Ireland on ships bound for North America. Some Irish landlords paid for their tenants’ passage on these vessels. Relatives already in America sent others ticket money. Having paid fares enabled Irish famine refugees to cross the ocean without selling themselves into servitude. Irish immigrants often settled in such Eastern cities as Boston and New York City, though some also moved to the West. They worked on the canals and railroads, on the docks, in the new factories, and as domestic servants. The Irish faced great discrimination in the United States, in part because they were poor and Catholic. German immigrants had been coming to America in large numbers since the early 1700's. In the 1840's and 1850's, many came because it was easier to buy farms in the growing West than in Europe. Some Germans settled in Eastern cities, but many built farms in the Midwest or moved to such cities as St. Louis, Chicago, and Milwaukee. Most big American cities had robust German communities in the 1800's, with German-language newspapers, athletic clubs, and other institutions. Some had heavily German industries, such as breweries."
Not only did population growth and the steam engine make the industrial revolution a blessingg but new inventions made the industrial revolution a blessing. Some new inventions include the power loom, cotton gin, and whale oil lamps. In the same article as above, subtitled "Industrialization and Reform", it states, "Inventors created, and business leaders produced and sold, a variety of innovative products. In 1876, the Scottish-born inventor Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone. Bell’s invention, along with the telegraph, provided the quick communication that was vital to the smooth operation of big business. Other new products included the typewriter (1867), barbed wire (1874), the phonograph (1877), the electric light (1879), and the gasoline automobile (1885). Of these, the automobile had the greatest impact on the nation's economy. In the early 1900's, the automotive pioneers Ransom Eli Olds and Henry Ford began turning out cars by mass production. Auto prices dropped, and sales soared. The number of automobiles owned by Americans jumped from 8,000 in 1900 to almost 3,500,000 in 1916."

ARTICLES

"Industrial Revolution." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 7 Mar. 2014. school.eb.com/levels/middle/article/Industrial-Revolution/275053#. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

“United States History Industrialization and Reform 1870-1916.” World Book, www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar576000#tab=homepage. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

“United States History Industrialization and Reform 1870-1916.” World Book, www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/article?id=ar576000#tab=homepage. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

Pictures

Cotton gin. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/67182. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

United States History Industrialization and Reform 1870-1916. media.worldbookonline.com/image/upload/f_jpg,w_630,c_limit/content/pc117943.jpg. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

Watt, James: steam engine. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 2 Feb. 2017. school.eb.com/levels/middle/assembly/view/180246. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

media.worldbookonline.com/image/upload/f_jpg,w_630,c_limit/content/pc325267.jpg. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

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