Endangered Species What animals are on the list? Why are they on this list? How can we help?

The Endangered Species list was created by The Endangered Species Act in 1973 in an effort to conserve marine, wildlife, and plants. This list registers all marine, wildlife, and plants that are critically endangered, vulnerable, and soon to be endangered. There are a few different ways a species can be added to the list. If it's habitat is being threatened by manmade or natural factors, threatened by disease or predation or if the species is being overused in any way ( commercially, recreationally, scientifically etc...) This photo essay showcases some of the endangered animals on this list. All of the images were taken at The North Carolina Zoo in Asheboro.

African Elephants inhabit the African exhibit. Estimated population in the wild are 415,000, however they do have more habitats instead of one like most animals on the list.

Two polar bears inhabit the North American Rocky Coast exhibit. The population in the wild is estimated around 22,000-31,000.

The Bison are located in the North American exhibit. The population in the wild is around 20,504.

The Red wolves are located within the North American exhibit. Currently there are only 70 Red Wolves within the wild. The North Carolina Zoo has been lucky enough to foster pups born to wild mother wolves.

Species are added to the Endangered Species list two different ways; through a Petition Process, or The Candidate Conservation Process. The Petition Process Starts With published information with specific facts that plead the case of the species being added. Afterward the National Marine Fisheries Service will review the information given within a year and if they see that the information is sustainable, the species will be added to the list within 30 days of confirmation. The Candidate Conservation Process was started by the ESA through information given by scientist. Much like the Petition Process, it goes through a reviewal process and then is either denied or accepted.

Two polar bears inhabit the North American Rocky Coast exhibit.

Why are animals added to the Endangered Species list?

The top reasons why most species are added to the list is because their habitat is being threatened either by man made or natural elements, human conflicts between the species, or illegal conflicts (poaching or trading.) There are a few exceptions to the rule. For example the Bison population rapidly decreased through physical deformities and genetically inherited diseases due to inbreeding.

"Zoological Egg Rest" Horace L. Farlowe, Georgia Marble, "Stone that Stands in an Empty Sky" Roger P. Halligan, Steel and Concrete, "The Bird Garden" Jim Hirschfield & Sonya Ishii, Painted Steel.

These beautiful art pieces within The North Carolina Zoo all have a meaning that is associated to life. "Zoological Egg Rest" is just that, the egg is a symbol of life and every life carries out a purpose and so do these animals. "Stone that Stands in an Empty Sky" and "The Bird Garden" are both memorial pieces dedicated to the birds that are extinct.

Two Arctic Fox are located within the North American Rocky Coast exhibit. Although the Arctic Fox's status on the endangered species list is considered 'least concern' because it is still an animal that could one day have low population numbers.

What can I do to help these species?

There a numerous ways you can help endangered species. You can donate through local or government funded projects to help monitor certain species and track where they are. You can also adopt certain animals through the World Wildlife website.

Created By
Dana Woodard

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