La Historia de España juliana dellicompagni 8 Estrellas

Here you will be learning about the history of Spain. The history of Spain ranges anywhere from rulers, to war, to times and years, to groups of people, even to family legacies. I never thought that the history of a place could be so cool. I am excited to share my knowledge with others.

Spain is known as the Ancient Pit Stop. In Spain people can trade stuff to get things in return. These trade stops are also places to repair boats before sailing off. Trade was such a big idea of ancient Spain. The Celtas later became know as the Celtiberos. The Celtiberos come to invade Spain for the fertile land and wonderful climate.

THE ROMANS ARE COMING!!! Tactics in battle are more advanced than the Celtiberos. Aqueducts along with many other resources were so advanced that they are still used today. The Roman empire later fell in 409 A.D.

PLEASE, SIR, CAN I HAVE SOME MOORS? Moors was the next to invade. The Arabs, Berbers, and Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula in 711 A.D. They easily defeated the Visigoth Kingdoms, conquering nearly all of peninsula.

La Reconquista!!! Almost a continual fight between Christian kingdoms north of the peninsula and Muslims, who controlled the south. Spain called muslims “Al-Andalus” in Arabic. Santiago: “Matamoros” is the Patron saint of Spain Matar. Matar means to kill, Moros means Muslims, so Matamoros means to kill Muslims.

In 1492 the last Moorish king defeated. All Muslims remaining in Spain were forced to leave or convert to Christianity. In 1502: given the success against the Muslims, it is now decided that all Jews need to leave Spain or convert to Christianity. We interrogate and torture them until they confess--or put them on trial and later execute (or burn) them!

WAR! War for Spanish Succession pitted royal families and their nations against each other to see who would rule Spain. The war ends in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English Felipe V, the Bourbon grandson of Louis XIV, becomes King of Spain. The Bourbon family remains the royal family of Spain today. The Bourbons were competent rulers, but more concerned with life at court. Efforts to convert Spain into a modern state, based on Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment. Rebellion of May 2, 1808 in Madrid begins War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte removed from throne of Spain in 1812. During the upheaval, most of the colonies in America gain independence. The constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy.

More Bourbon Troubles!!! Fernando VII dies without a male heir, leaving only his daughter, Isabel. The country is divided on the issue of a woman ruler. Supporters of Fernando’s brother, Carlos, face off against more liberal supporters of several “Guerras Carlistas." Isabel II reigns from 1833-1868. Isabel II rules through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. The “Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868. A short-lived experiment places King Amadeo de Saboya, an Italian, on the throne from 1870-1873. The First Spanish Republic is proclaimed in 1873. It ends in 1874.

The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875-1885, followed by his son Alfonso XIII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death). His mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of its last remaining colonies in 1898 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco. The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from State, and creates public schools.


Created with images by tpsdave - "spain sunset sky" • anestiev - "industrial port harbor" • theritters - "Path" • Rick McCharles - "Funtastics Gymnastics Camp - Ross Point" • Catedrales e Iglesias - "Catedral "Magistral" de los Santos Niños Justo y Pastor de Alcalá de Henares,Madrid,Comunidad de Madrid,España" • - "Spanish Inquisition, Plaza Mayor, Madrid" • Defence-Imagery - "fighter jet jet aircraft" • MDGovpics - "Chief Judge Robert Bell's Portrait Unveiling at the Court of Appeals"

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