Judith Beheading Holofernes (c. 1599)
This painting shows a biblical scene, Judith beheading Holofernes. Paintings depicting religious scenes were often made in this time period to celebrate the victory of the Catholic reformation. This painting shows intense emotion and is very dramatic which is characteristic for Baroque paintings.
Sacrifice of Issac (c. 1603)
This is another biblical scene which was very proment in Baroque art. It shows a lot of emotion and violence, as Abraham is about to sacrifice his son Issac. This violence was very prevalent in paintings because of the controversy in politics and religion at this time.
Christ at the Coulmn (c. 1607)
This painting uses realism, the people depicted are very natural looking and are showing a lot of emotion, which was characteristic for the baroque period. Caravaggio made important biblical figures seem like average, everyday people. He uses humanism and focuses on the human form making them as realistic as possible.
Susanna and the Elders (c. 1610)
This painting depicts a biblical scene as was characteristic for the Baroque period. Susanna is very emotional and scared and disgusted by the advances of the Elders. Gentileschi's work reflected the oppression that she and other women faced at this time, through the emotions and actions of her subjects.
Judith and her Maidservant (c. 1614)
This painting Is an example of realism. The subjects are both represented with realistic form and emotion, which is characteristic for the Baroque period. Biblical scenes were also popular in this period, Gentileschi usually painted women specifically.
Self-Portrait as a Lute Player (c. 1617)
This painting is focused on Gentileschi as an individual, in this case a common lute player. Baroque art focused on the common person as they gined more influence in Europe at this time, which is shown in this painting
Portrait of Pope Innocent X (c. 1650)
This painting uses realism, the pope is shown looking very realistic, he looks very stern and powerful, and many bright colors are used. He is also dressed very elegantly, and looks very regal. This represents the power of the Roman Catholic Church after the Catholic Reformation.
Portrait of Juan de Pareja (c. 1650)
This is a portrait of a slave. Valazques focusing on this ordinary person, especially someone of low social class is characteristic of the Baroque period. The subject is depicted very realistically and shows his emotions and character. This shows a change in focus from the rich and nobility to the common people.
Les Meninas (c. 1656)
This painting is a peek at the behind the scenes of Valazques painting a portrait of King Philip VI and his wife , whom he was an artist in the court of. The subject is Infanta Margaret Theresa as she is doted on by her ladies-in-waiting, or Les Meninas. This shows the extravagance and power of the monarchy at this time and a new perspective to portraits.
Woman with a Water Jug (c. 1662)
This painting focuses on a single common woman. It shows a middle class lady performing a mundane task. The ordinary person was a very common subject in Dutch Golden Age art. This is due to the rise of the middle class at this time.
The Astronomer (c. 1668)
This painting shows an ordinary man studying astronomy. This woud've been a common subject matter during the scientific revolution. These secular subject matters were common in the Dutch Golden Age due to the fact that religious art was prohibited.
The Love Letter (c. 1670)
This painting shows two people, a wealthy woman and her servant. The Woman is dressed elegantly as would be common in this time period since the rise of the merchant middle class. The subject of this painting is secular as it is about love and not religion.
The Abduction of Europa (c. 1632)
This painting is a scene from Greek mythology, Zeus is abducting Europa. Secular paintings with a rich landscape were popular in the Dutch Golden Age. This scene was commissioned to Rembrandt by a wealthy trader which shows the rise in wealth of the middle class at this time.
Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (c. 1632)
This painting shows an anatomy lesson and the subjects are dissecting a cadaver. This shows the influence of the Scientific Revolution on culture at this time, it was even integrated into the art. This painting is also very realistic and the pupils are very emotional. You can clearly observe the intense looks of amazement on their faces.
The Night Watch (c. 1642)
This painting shows a militia, as it was very common in this time period for the subjects of paintings to be everyday people. The people are depicted very realistically, the large canvas that makes the subjects almost life size adds to this effect. This use of realism was very common in the Dutch Golden Age.
Elena Grimaldi (c. 1623)
This painting shows a very regal and wealthy looking woman who is being served by her slave, this in addition makes it known that the subject is a very influential woman. This is very characteristic for Van Dyck and his flattering portraits were very popular with the nobility for this fact.
Marie-Louise de Tassis (c. 1630)
This is a portrait of a young woman from the nobility. Her position in society and her family's wealth is made apparent by what she is wearing. Van Dyck makes her seem very realistic and yet the painting is also very dramatic. All the focus is on her wealth and clothes and not necessarily the subject. This shows the rise in wealth at the time.
Samson and Delilah (c. 1630)
This painting depicts a very dramatic biblical scene. There is a lot of emotion on the faces of Samson and Delilah as they are being pulled away from each other. These dramatic scenes were very characteristic of this time period.