Arab Spring What Caused it and how it iMpacted the arab worLd

The Arab Spring revolution is democratic uprisings against dictatorship regimes and spread across the Arab world in 2011.

El Niño had an impact on the Arab Spring. In El Niño, is an irregular climate cycle. The cycle begins when warm water in the western tropical Pacific Ocean moves eastwards close to the equator toward the west. Normally, this warm continues to drift near to Indonesia and the Philippines. During an El Niño the trade winds weaken, resulting in the pressures in the east and west to change, which causes a strong counter current. This leads into a feedback loop which supports El Niño.

This could have an effect on the Arab Spring, as a recent study suggests as people get warm and uncomfortable, they are more irritable which means they are more prone to fight.

Because of El Niño, there was a shortage of food. This caused the food prices to shoot up. The warm water rised up, which makes the clouds and rainstorms shift eastward.

Globalisation also had a large impact on the revolutions. They used Facebook to spread the message which sparked the revolution. On September 2011, there were 43 million Arab users on Facebook.

Only 5% of people had internet access. The government though this wasn't a threat but they were wrong. The people communicated through Facebook. Then the government tried to restrict Facebook, but some people still had access . They protested against the current regime and Gudafi fled away, but he was caught later caught.

The main reason the Arab spring started was because the government had absolute power and people were unhappy. They communicated through Facebook. El Niño didn't have much of an impact on this.

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