Alexander the Great Kennedy Denton

Alexander the Great was born on July 20 356 B.C. in the Pella region in Greece. He grew up barely seeing his father, King Phillip the second because he was always engaged in military campaigns and other things like that. Alexander grew to resent his father because of his absences, and his mother, Queen Olympia became his role model.

Alexander was first tutored by his relative Leonidas of Epirus but soon quit because of Alexander's rebellious nature. Lysimachus was Alexander's next tutor but that ended quickly. In 343 B.C. Aristotle was hired by King Phillip to tutor Alexander in the temple of Nymphs at Meiza. Aristotle taught Alexander and some of his friends philosophy, poetry, drama, science, and politics. Alexander completed his education in Meiza in 340 B.C.

When Alexander was a teen he became a soldier and went on his first military expedition against the Thracian Tribes. In 338 Alexander took charge of Companion Calvary with his father. Once Phillip ll had succeeded his goal of uniting the Greek city-states into the Corinthian League there was a disagreement. Alexander's father had married another woman, Cleopatra Eurydice. Alexander and his mother were forced to leave Macedonia and live with Olympia's family.

Macedonian flag

When Alexander's sister got married to the Molossian king also named Alexander there was a long festival and at some time during it King Phillip ll was murdered by Pausanias, a Macedonian noble. This happened when Alexander was 19, he was determined to take the throne at any measures. He gained the support of the Macedonian army, they told everyone that Alexander was the right King and erased all other possible heirs to the throne. Alexander's mother helped by slaughtering the daughter of Cleopatra and the late king Phillip ll.

flag of Iran (Persia)

Alexander endured many expeditions to conquer regions, one was when he faced an army near the Grancius river against the Persian King Darius lll. The battle ended in Alexander's army winning in a quick defeat. In November of 333 B.C. Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius lll. Alexander next wanted to conquer Egypt, they surrendered to Alexander's army almost immediately. After many more battles Alexander declared himself "King of Babylon, King of Asia, King of the Four Quarters of the World."

After a lot more battles Alexander's troops refuse to go any further and on the trip back Alexander was injured by Malli warriors. In 325 Alexander healed and continued the trip back to the city of Susa. When he returned he struggled to gain power he tried to create a ruling class. He then recruited many Persian soldiers and tried to introduce Persian customs and manners. Alexander the Great died a little while later of Malaria in Babylon. After he died his empire collapsed and there was a fight for power.

Credits:

Created with images by Cea. - "Alexander Mosaic - Detail" • Tilemahos Efthimiadis - "The mints of Alexander the Great - Copper denomination" • kevinzim - "Macedonian flag" • blondinrikard - "Iranian flag" • Freeimages9 - "mosquitoe mosquito malaria"

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