Tlaxcala A piece of the old world in Central Mexico.

Tlaxcala is located less than two hours from one of the world's most chaotic cities, Mexico City. It is a small state whose history, food and tourism reflect the greatness that identifies the people from Tlaxcala.

The smallest state in mexico

The history of tlaxcala

Tlaxcala is a city as old as the Aztec empire which was governed in a very different manner. The Aztecs were a strong empire during Mexico's pre-hispanic era who controlled a large part of the central part of the country's territory and who conquered weaker indigenous people. The only civilization they could not conquer was what was known as the Republic of Tlaxcala.

Hernán Cortés and Malinche in front of the Lords of Tlaxcala

Tlaxcala, whose meaning is "Corn bread," was an enemy village to the Aztec Empire, who joined the Spaniards in the conquest of Tenochtitlan. This Alliance enabled the tlaxcalans to maintain privileges during the 300 years of the colonial period. In 1535, King Carlos I named to Tlaxcala a "Very loyal city" and awarded it a coat of arms.

Coat of Arms of Tlaxcala

In 1591, entrusted by Viceroy Velasco, 400 Tlaxcalan families left to resist the growth of indigenous peoples of the North. These families settled in much of the northern art of Mexico and began to colonize Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.

Mural of the 400 families who departed from Tlaxcala

To this day Tlaxcala continues to be a historic territory, and a symbol of the resistance against oppression.

Touristic Attractions

Outside of the church of Ocotlán; Red bricks

Inside of the church; columns made of gold

The Virgin of Ocotlan, located in the central part of the church

The basilica of Ocotlán is one of the churches best known throughout Mexico. The Church is located on a mountain in the city of Tlaxcala. This church was built in 1670 and is very famous because it reflects several important styles. The architecture of Ocotlán is Baroque, with white mortar and brick red in the columns of the exterior. Covered by decorations and paintings of the Apostles, this temple is recognized for being an important example of the Baroque style.

Former convent of San Francisco

The construction of this religious building started being built in 1596 and ended in 1660. It is another baroque building, like the Basilica of Ocotlán. This convent holds a high historic value because it is similar to the convents of the Middle Ages in Europe. In the inside of the convent there is a painting representing the baptism of Hernan Cortes and Malinche, which shows the importance of both characters in Tlaxcala's history.

Food in tlaxcala

Video Text: Tlaxcala represents Mexico by more than just its history and landmarks. The traditional dishes found there represent the diversity and uniqueness of Mexican food. From ingredients to methods of preparation, much of the food today remains faithful to its native origins.


Esquites, a street food found in most of Mexico, is made by boiling mature corn in water with epazote and chilies, then fried in butter and topped with lime juice, mayonnaise, spicy peppers, and soft cheese.


Mixiotes are one of the best regional foods found in Tlaxcala. Mixiotes are made by wrapping small packages of lamb, rabbit, or other meat in maguey parchment and roasting it, this dish is mostly eaten on special occasions. Harvesting maguey parchment has been banned in some areas because it often damages the plant. Today maguey parchment is often replaced with parchment paper or plastic . The marinade for mixiotes can be made with a wide variety of chilies and herbs.


One of the less common local foods is escamoles, a dish which has been eaten in Mexico since the days of the Aztecs. Ant larvae is collected from the roots of maguey plants and sold as a delicacy. The larvae are fried in butter and sold in tacos, added to omelets, or served with guacamole and chips. The buttery, nutty flavor and texture makes them easier to try the first time than other insects.



Created with images by RussBowling - "Tlaxcala" • dinrao - "mural" • City Foodsters - "8: Mixiote de rabo de res, adobo de hoja de aguacate" • Catedrales e Iglesias - "Parroquia de San Agustin Obispo (Palmar de Bravo) Estado de Puebla,México" • Catedrales e Iglesias - "Parroquia de San Agustin Obispo (Palmar de Bravo) Estado de Puebla,México" • giulian.frisoni - "Mexican Market" • Catedrales e Iglesias - "Capilla de San Bartolomé (Ajapuxco) Estado de México" • City Foodsters - "8: Mixiote de rabo de res, adobo de hoja de aguacate" • TvLith - "guacamole chips dips" • Bex.Walton - "Esquites: corn, cheese and chilli"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.