History of communication by liliya demidenko

How people communicated 200+ years ago

200+ years ago, people used to carve out messages on stones, passing down legends and information to the future generations. Some people had used smoke signals to communicated, which were helpful if you were in trouble or had won. In the 6th century BC, people sent messengers to carry their messages to other people. these messengers were mostly used by rulers. In the 522-468 BC, the emperors had posting stations, where fresh men and horses were available for the messengers. Usually a messenger would travel 200 km, to the first post station, where another man would take his job and travel to the next station. In the 2nd- 11th the Romans made roads, which allowed the messengers to travel faster and allowed the news to travel faster. But that still wasn't fast enough. So people trained pigeons, to carry their messages. That allowed news to travel faster.

People attached letters, rolled up, to the pigeon's leg.

How people communicated 100-200 years ago

100-200 hundred years ago, there wasn't as much communication technology as we have to day, but it wasn't like 200+ years ago. During this time, Johannes Gutenberg made the printing machine, which allowed people to write newspapers and books. Later on, Samuel Morse created the Morse code and the telegraph was created by another man. soon Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone, and another man invents the radio. During this time, a computer was created, and a mobile phone. Google became a thing. Of course it was a while before everyone had a phone and a computer, so people continued to rely on newspapers and letters to learn things.

People communicated through the telegraph using the Morse code, which was created by Samuel Morse in 1836

Communication nowadays

Nowadays, technology has taken over how we communicate. If we used to use letters, smoke signals, and the Morse code to communicate, now everything changed. Before, we used messengers and pigeons and letters, but now a phone has replaced that. Emails replaced the letters, becoming less formal and not carrying the same "feelings" as letters. Now we visit each other using apps like Skype, that allow us to see each other without meeting face to face. We rely so much on the technology, that it has turned into addiction.

Phones are the technology the we rely most on to communicate

The disadvantages of communication technology

Some disadvantages of the technology we use for communication is that this technology is robbing us from our ability to socialize without a phone. Thanks to this technology, we lose our social skills. We end up relying too much on phones, computers and other technology that it eventually turns to addiction, where we can't live without our phone, computer, or tablet. Technology for communication has "created" a new type of crime. This is when you may be texting a person you met online, who very well may be a bad guy. This type of technology has allowed hacking, addiction, cyber bullying and many other communication- related crimes to become an everyday thing in our lives. People are able to take on new identities, fooling and hurting others.

Without realizing it, many become very dependent on their technology.

The advantages of communication technology

Not everything about technology, that permits us to communicate, is bad. Now we have the opportunity to talk to family and friends who are far away from us. This technology also helps us with our school and work. Communication technology allowed stay-at-home moms to go and finish college or work online. Communicating through emails, Skype or social media, doesn't cost as much as when you call or ride to meet someone.

Facts about some of the technology that helped us get the technology we have now

Antonio Meucci ( Italy) -best known for developing a voice-communication apparatus that several sources credit as the first telephone. Alexander Graham Bell (from Scotland)- Scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with patenting the first practical Telephone. Johannes Gutenberg (Germany) makes the first printing machine in 1450. In 1792, Claude Chappe (France) establishes the first telegraph line. In 1836, Samuel Morse, developed the Morse code and in 1843, he makes the first long-distance electric telegraph line. “1925 – John Logie Baird (from Scotland) transmits the first television signal.” in 1947, the first “Full-scale commercial television is first broadcast.” Soon after, a photocopier, an email, personal computer, and Microsoft Word enter the world.

Sources used:

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Meucci
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Graham_Bell
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_communication_technology
  • https://sedmondsbrown.com/2008/11/11/impact-of-technology-communication/
  • http://lynndonnelly8.blogspot.com/
  • http://lynndonnelly8.blogspot.com/
  • https://sedmondsbrown.com/2008/11/11/impact-of-technology-communication/
  • http://www.buzzle.com/articles/what-is-the-impact-of-technology-on-our-society.html
  • http://science.blurtit.com/1721482/how-did-people-communicate-100-years-ago
  • http://www.scintillacommunications.com/?p=144
  • http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=929&HistoryID=aa93&gtrack=pthc
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pigeon_post
  • http://smallbusiness.chron.com/technology-communicate-27322.html
  • http://mrkash.com/activities/communication.html

Credits:

Created with images by Dave Catchpole - "BT ArtBox - Stop the Pigeon" • quinet - "Early telegraph machine" • Unsplash - "phone cell cell phone" • PublicDomainPictures - "beautiful business smartphone"

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