General idea of Type 1 diabetes
Type One diabetes occurs from insulin-producing beta cells that are destroyed in the pancreas which prevents further production of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is most common in children. It is known as an autoimmune disorder. There is no insulin to move the glucose into the cells which prevents cells from receiving the sugar they need to stay viable.
The Best Diet for a Type 1 Diabetic
Diabetics have to learn to plan their meals each day, so they know how much glucose they are taking in. A type one diabetic is able to eat the same healthy diet as any other person can. If a diabetic takes in too much or not enough glucose, they can have a negative reaction. This is why it is important for diabetics to track the amount of glucose intake. Diabetics should limit their total carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal, and no more than 180 grams per day. 1/4 of protein, 1/4 of starch, and 1/2 of non-starchy vegetables is a good guideline for diabetics to use.
Testing Insulin LevelsAfter eating, diabetics need a way that allows them to check their insulin level. To do this, the diabetic should insert a test strip into their meter. Next, they need to prick their finger using the lancing device. Then, they should hold the edge of the test strip to the drop of blood and wait for the result. The glucose level will appear on the meters display. An A1C determines whether you have diabetes or not, if the result is a 6.5% or higher, you are diagnosed with diabetes. A blood sugar level below 70mg is too low and can harm you. After eating, someone without diabetes should have a blood sugar level of 100 mg/dl. Before the meal, someone with diabetes should have a blood sugar level of 70-99mg/dl.
Lifestyle of a Type 1 Diabetic
People that get diagnosed with diabetes have to learn to adjust to their new life with diabetes. They have to keep up with their amount of exercise and the amount of glucose and carbohydrates in a meal. They have to control their weight, so they do not increase their risk of health problems.
Barbara, was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes a little over a year ago. She hated going to the doctor so she refused to for years, but one day she started to feel so sick she decided it was bad enough to go. After her visit to the doctor she was informed that she had diabetes and had probably had it for years. Barbara reflected on her life after her visit and realized when she did eat, her meals contained mostly junk food and unnecessary fats. She had to learn how to live with diabetes, so she started exercising and eating healthier.
Citation for Personal Story
Barbara's Diabetes Story. (n.d.). Retrieved December 08, 2016, from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/Diabetes/DiabetesToolsResources/Barbaras-Diabetes-Story_UCM_315198_Article.jsp