The Ban Treaty
1. Prohibits nations from developing, testing, producing, manufacturing, transferring, possessing, stockpiling, using or threatening to use nuclear weapons, or allowing nuclear weapons to be stationed on their territory. It also prohibits them from assisting, encouraging or inducing anyone to engage in any of these activities.
2. A nation that possesses nuclear weapons may join the treaty, so long as it agrees to destroy them in accordance with a legally binding, time-bound plan.
3. Nations are obliged to provide assistance to all victims of the use and testing of nuclear weapons and to take measures for the remediation of contaminated environments. The preamble acknowledges the harm suffered as a result of nuclear weapons, including the disproportionate impact on women and girls, and on indigenous peoples around the world.
International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons: 2017 NOBEL PEACE PRIZE WINNER
ICAN is a coalition consisting of several hundred non-government organizations, from local peace groups to global federations representing millions of people. An international steering group and staff team coordinate the campaign’s activities. The main office is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Founded in 2007 by the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War in Australia, launched internationally in Vienna
Youth Activism in Nuclear Disarmament: BANG
Started in 2006 after the failure of the 2005 NPT Review Conference, a platform for young people to share ideas on nuclear disarmament, and an ICAN Partner
Youth movement in Oslo
Claim Your Voice and Ban the Bomb
40 young people from 14 different states in Europe and the world, seized this opportunity, went to Oslo and stood up for a nuclear weapons ban.
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland 2018
This youth expedition consisted of 12 individuals age 18-25. The participants were from the U.S, Japan, and the European states. The program ran from 20 April 2018 to 25 April 2018.
The 2018 NPT Prepcom was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 23 April 2018 to 4 May 2018. The Chair-designate of the second session was Ambassador Adam Bugajski of Poland. This meeting served as the 2nd PrepCom for the 2020 Meeting of the States Parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. At the NPT PrepCom, there was a focus on the states parties to the NPT's commitments to nuclear disarmament. However, the nuclear weapon states (US, UK, Russia, France, and China) have refused to comply with their obligations. The parties also addressed the impact of the new U.S. nuclear posture on the nuclear nonproliferation regime. The parties engaged in substantive discussions on the relationship between the Ban Treaty and the NPT.
Participants monitored plenary discussions, met with diplomats and presented a youth presentation. To prepare for the meetings with diplomats, they were expected to write background profiles about the relevant states. Participants collaborated with other youth groups and NGO leaders to draft the youth presentation. Additionally, they were expected to maintain a blog about the PrepCom and live tweet the discussions.
Meetings with Diplomats:
Participants engaged with diplomats to hear first-hand the strategies and obstacles in their approaches to nuclear disarmament and the NPT.
Participants developed a youth presentation and delivered it to the General Assembly during the NGO session.
YOUTH STATEMENT at NPT PrepCom 2018
Once and for all, that nuclear weapons are a risk to humanity itself. How many more near misses, accidents, political miscalculations and technical missteps can we afford? In a time in which hate speech and fake news increasingly influence and distort our perceptions, we cannot rely on the judgement of a small number of countries to decide the future--or the end--of our planet. It is thus imperative that leaders come together to create solid regulatory mechanisms, which effectively commit states to “the elimination of all nuclear materials and technology.” This is exactly what the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons can achieve; and this is why it is of the utmost importance for states to promptly sign and ratify the Treaty.
We do not want to sit in your seat ten years from now, realising that nothing has changed. We need you, distinguished diplomats, to not only talk about visions of a world without nuclear weapons, but to actually achieve it. We are looking forward to being your partners in our shared mission of immediately achieving a world free of nuclear weapons. It is high time for states to act and sign and ratify the Ban Treaty. We must all work together to get eliminate nuclear weapons NOW; and not sometime in the future. Youth MESSAGE: Disarm now, we look forward to working with you.
The Global Youth Forum on the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons will be held in Auckland, New Zealand, from 5-7 December 2018. Attended by a range of New Zealand and International Youth, the Forum will feature discussion and latest updates on global disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation issues.
The Global Youth Forum will run concurrently with an intergovernmental conference on the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) for Pacific Island countries, which will be hosted by the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Speakers and leading voices engaged in the Pacific Conference will join elements of the Youth Forum programme, to update attendees on latest developments in this field. Prominent speakers include Beatrice Fihn, Director of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) which received the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize for its work on the TPNW. Other prominent speakers include international academics: Dr Zia Mian of Princeton University, and diplomatic representatives from the core group of countries that lead the TPNW process.
Youth Forum participants will also attend a reception hosted by Hosted by New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and MFA/MDAC, Rt Hon Winston Peters, and a number of other exciting events.
Global Youth Forum on Nuclear Disarmament and the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons | Auckland City Council, 4-7 December 2018
Tuesday 4 December
- 0900 - Breakfast
- 1000 - Orientation
- 1300 - Lunch
- 1400 - Explore Auckland
Wednesday 5 December
- 0900 - Opening Remarks and Logistics Overview: Co-chairs
- 0910 - Roundtable Introductions
- 0920 - Welcome and Opening Statement
- 1000 - coffee break
- 1030 - Background to the Conference and the Youth Forum; Outline of New Zealand Government position on nuclear disarmament and the TPNW (Dell Higgie, MFAT)
- 1045 - The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the TPNW (Representative from Ireland)
- 1105 - Background to the TPNW: Origins of the Treaty (Brazil); What’s actually in the TPNW (Johann Kellerman, South Africa); What’s not in the TPNW (Thomas Hajnoczi, Austria)
- 1145 - Informal Chat with Beatrice Fihn and Daniel Högsta, ICAN, on Youth Leadership, and on Civil Society Campaigning, followed by Qs and As
- 1230 - casual sandwich lunch
- 1315 - Exploration of Key Nuclear Disarmament Issues (Led by Co-chairs)
- 1430 – A Nuclear Weapon-Free Pacific: The Treaty of Rarotonga - Address by Minister of Foreign Affairs of Vanuatu, Hon Ralph Regenvanu
- 1500 - coffee break
- 1530 - Examining the Risks of Nuclear Weapons: A Pacific Perspective (Tamara Patton, PhD Student, Princeton University) followed by Qs and As
- 1630 - The TPNW: Legal Issues and Complexities (Associate Professor Treasa Dunworth, Auckland University) followed by Qs and As
- 1830 pm - Reception & Cultural Event: hosted by New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and MFA/MDAC, Rt Hon Winston Peters
Thursday 6 December
- 0930 - Unmaking a Nuclear Weapon Programme (Tamara Patton)
- 1030 - coffee break
- 1100 - Forum on the TPNW: Qs and As (Dr Zia Mian, Princeton University)
- 1300 - Attend lunch
- & Key-note Address by Beatrice Fihn
- 1430 - Discussion on ways to advance the TPNW and nuclear disarmament
- 1530 - coffee break
- 1600 - National Perspective on Nuclear Disarmament and the TPNW (Representatives from Austria and Brazil) followed by Qs and As
- 1645 - National Perspective on Nuclear Disarmament and the TPNW (Representatives from Ireland and South Africa) followed by Qs and A
Friday 7 December
- 0900 - Discussion of IHL (Associate Professor Treasa Dunworth and Charlotte Skerten MFAT)
- 0930 - morning coffee
- 1000 - Resume discussion on ways to advance the TPNW and nuclear disarmament
- 1200 – Attend lunch & Key-note Address
- 1430 - Report-back from Conference (New Zealand Delegation and Representatives of Austria, Brazil, Ireland and South Africa)
- 1600 – Youth Forum concludes