Despite such a positive economic forecast, Pakistan remains underdeveloped due to its geography, lack of education, inequality, and political system. The location of the country inhibits development. Pakistan suffers from severe floods, earthquakes, droughts, and landslides, harming both citizens and national infrastructure ("About Pakistan"). Additionally, the nation is closely affected by conflicts and crises in nearby countries, and these can prevent growth as well. Pakistan struggles to combat extremism and terrorism, some of the biggest threats to development, but its position next to Afghanistan and Iran makes it impossible to avoid being influenced by the events of these other countries in addition to its own issues ("About Pakistan").
Development also depends on citizens having the skills and knowledge to aid in the country's growth, but the Pakistan population suffers from a severe lack of education. With very little government spending on education, schools are unable to provide quality instruction, and infrastructure is severely inadequate ("Pakistan Overview").
Inequality is also a serious issue in Pakistan. Women have started gaining more rights, with 21% of Parliament positions held by women, but this remains a problem that must be recognized and improved ("About Pakistan").
While the political system is improving, the government still has many issues. The current prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, leads the Pakistan Muslim League, merging politics with religion. This is his third time in office after having been jailed and exiled in 1999. He has faced numerous allegations of corruption, and while his presidency has led to a more stable government, critics accuse him of tolerating religious extremism and craving political power. There are many other opposition parties, most notably the Pakistan People's Party, and this fragmentation leads to increased political conflict, impeding development efforts ("Pakistan Politics").