Kylee Keenan – KY_08
Journey Log 3
Learning from Failure
The first concept I would like to discuss is one that was mentioned in the reading, “Planning and Replanning.” I am a lover of psychology, and I enjoy learning more about the different ways in which people behave as well as how the human mind works. This is the reason for why I chose Ken Bain’s, the author of What the Best College Students Do, question of where does the ability to back bounce from failure come from? He looks at a study that compares two groups of ten-year-old's response to a series of puzzles. The first eight are designed to match the child’s age and education level. The last four problems are made to be very difficult for the student to solve. There seems to be no difference in reaction to the first eight dilemmas between the two groups; however, the final four questions result in very different responses. The first group complained, became overly frustrated, and ultimately gave up. On the other hand, the second group of children propelled through the struggle, tried different tactics for solving the problems, and appeared to thrive on the difficult task. The first group, named the “knowers,” had a stationary view of intelligence whereas the second group, called the “learners,” believed increased effort could achieve greater intelligence (“Planning and Replanning”).
As I read this text, I began to reflect upon what type of person I am. I wanted to learn more about the characteristics that possess each of these types of people to be able to accurately diagnose which of the two that I am. Fred Kofman, founder and Chairman of Conscious Business Center International, begins his article by stating that we see the world differently; we are either a “knower” or a “learner.” Knowers take pride in their knowledge of how things are and ought to be, as well as being the right one in an argument or while reflecting on a topic. Knowers claim that their view is the truth and anything that deviates from it is wrong. In contrast, learners are more inquisitive and curious. They are open and find pleasure in sharing their own opinion while also contemplating on others views (Kofman).
I would now like to explain how I disagree with Kofman in that I am not one or the other but that I obtain features of both the “knower” and the “learner.” I am someone who is steadfast in my own opinions, but I am also open to listen to others arguments on their point of view. I refuse to discourage someone else’s understanding of an issue even when it does not align with my own. In addition, I hold traits that are true to that of a learner. I am very curious and like to discover as much information about a topic as I can. I refuse to give up in tough situations, and I often enjoy challenges. I am a very determined and focused person and will do everything in my power to give my best effort. I believe these varieties of attributes allow me to place myself within both categories of “knower” and “learner.”
Propaganda during WWII
The second concept I would like to entertain is propaganda during World War II (WWII) within the United States. Chapter four of Envision mentions the Rosie the Riveter poster, which sparked my curiosity and interest in researching more about this type of media during the second World War. The article that I used opens with asking the reader what do you think of when you think of weapons? Maybe guns, grenades, or tanks? These all played a vital role within the war, but the spread of information through media was also a key factor. Throughout the entirety of the war, the United States government struggled to gain acceptance of the war effort from the public. Because of this, they created posters, radio shows, and movies to portray the American’s full support behind the war. So in 1942, the Office of War Information was established to publicize the government’s message. “This propaganda campaign included specific goals and strategies. Artists, filmmakers, and intellectuals were recruited to take the government’s agenda (objectives) and turn it into a propaganda campaign.” Posters could be seen all over the cities buildings, in apartment complexes, post offices, and even schools. The campaign sought recruitment of the people while trying to eliminate any disagreement of our involvement in the war. The images on the posters included but were not limited to anti-German scenarios, women power, and civil defense. They utilized fear, bandwagon, hasty generalization, and many other fallacies of argument to instill in the American people that their backing was essential for winning the battle. The prints often were made personal by saying the soldiers were counting on the citizens. In addition, positive and negative emotions were pulled from the posters. Some were happy, bright, and patriotic while others portrayed the gruesome and dark side of war. As you can see, propaganda was a vital part of the war effort in trying to rally the citizens of the Unites States for their support ("Propaganda Posters at a Glance").
I have always been interested in World War II and its impact on the entire world during that time as well as its lasting effects today. I knew that propaganda played a large part in the fight globally but did not realize its concentrated function within the borders of the U.S. When ponder the tragedy and sorrow that took place during this time, I often reflect upon how I would have acted during this harrowing era. What thoughts would I have had about the war? Would I have supported our involvement or resented our government in trying to persuade us into thinking that this was a good thing for our own country?
Kofman, Fred. "Are You a Knower or a Learner?" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 14 Aug. 2016. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.
"Propaganda Posters at a Glance." The National WWII Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2017.