Ethiopia

Location

Theme of Location

There are 5 themes in geography, Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement, and, Region

Relative location

Ethiopia is located west of Somalia, north of Kenya. Bound on the west by Sudan, and on the north of Eritrea.

Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethiopia.( exact location is 8.9806° N, 38.7578° E)
Ethiopia is located on the continent of Africa.

Interesting landforms

The Great Rift Valley

A geological crack stretching from Turkey through Eastern Africa, passes through Ethiopia.

Erta Ale

Most active Volcano in Ethiopia. It is an basaltic shield volcano in the afar region of northeastern Ethiopia. (Last eruption was in 2009)

Climate in Ethiopia

1. Dega: (cool zone) is above 2440 meters in elevation with an average annual temperature about 16 degrees Celsius. With an average of amount of rainfall between 1270 and 280 millimeters
2. Weyna dega: (Subtropical zone) highlands areas of 1830-2440 meters in elevation. Average annual temperature of about 22 degrees Celsuis. With an average amount of rainfall between 510 an 1530 millimeters.
3. Kolla: (Tropical zone) below 1830 meters in elevation. Average temperature of about 27 degree Celsuis with an annual rainfall of 510 millimeters. The Danankii Depression (Danakii Desert) is about 125 meters below sea level and the hottest region in thiopia.

Countries that border Ethiopia

Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.

Bodies of water found around Etiopia

Lake Tana is the source of the blue Nile and is the largest Lake in Ethiopia.

Living in Ethiopia

Place: Physical and human aspects of a location.

Natural resources

Gold (Ethiopia's main natural source)
Platinum is one key mineral in Ethiopia.
Copper
Salt
Potash

Cultural groups found in Ethiopia

Somalia cultural group

Oromo Culture group:

Afar people

Religions practiced in Ethiopia

The main religions in Ethiopia are Christianity, Islam, and Judaism

(Chrisianity) Medhane Alem Church
(Islam) Al-Nejashi mosque
(Judaism) synagogue in Ethiopia

Important holidays to Ethiopia

Genna: Festival celebrates the Ethiopian Christmas. It falls on January 7 each year. Many people join together to play a traditional game of hockey.
Timkat-Feast: The Timkat Feast is a three-day festival on January 19 that celebrates the baptism of Christ on the Jordan River.
The Great Ethiopian Run: most outstanding races in Ethiopia, this late November event attracts thousands of runners and athletes to compete on a 6.25 mile track.

Facts about the government that exists in Ethiopia

1. The President of Ethiopia is Mulatu Teshome.

2. The government is a Federal Republic, Parliamentary, and Democracy.

3. Prime minster Hailemariam Desalegn, is the head of the government.

How people affect the environment? (human environmental interaction)

Human Environmental Interaction: How humans react to nature .

types of crops are grown in Ethiopia

Wheat, Teff, and Corn are major crops in Ethiopia.

Jobs in Ethiopia

1. Farming is a popular job in poor and wealthy parts of Ethiopia
2. Accounting and Finance - The next largest number of jobs were in Accounting & Finance.
3. Technology Information

Endangered animals

Ethiopian wolf is the most endangered carnivore in Africa, and the rarest canid in the world. Shifting agriculture and climate change are the main reason for its decrease in population.

Grevy's Zebra is hunted for its hide and so it has had a shocking drop in numbers.
African wild ass is hunted for its meat and body parts, which are used in traditional medicine. Now is on the red list of threatened species.

Environmental problems that exist in Ethiopia.

environmental issues facing Ethiopia include deforestation, soil erosion and depletion of nutrients in the soil which, in parts of the northern highlands, are leading to a worrying increase in desertification. Ethiopia has now enlists help of Forest communities to reverse deforeststation.

How geographers compare and contrast places.

Region: Area on the planet that is composed of places with a unifying characteristic is a region.
School in Ethiopia is mainly for children between the ages of 5 to 16, but with poor facilities or underprivileged backgrounds, slot of children do not get a high quality, full-time. While the quality of teaching is high, the ratio of teacher to a child is 1:64, so children are not able to receive the attention that they need in order to reach their full potential.
  • The total population in Ethiopia is 103,498,915.
  • The population density in Ethiopia is 104 per Km2 (270 people per mi2).
  • The area of Ethiopia is 426,400 mi².
  • The per capita GDP of Ethiopia is 505.05 USD.
  • Life expectancy of males in Ethiopia is 62.8 while females is 66.8.
  • The literacy rate in Ethiopia is 39%.
  • Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer.

Movement: How people, goods, and ideas move into and out of place.

Movement: Translocation of human beings, their goods,and their ideas from one end of the planet to another.
  • Goods imported to Ethiopia is Machinery, petroleum, and petroleum products represent the leading import items. In 2000 Ethiopia's imports were distributed among the following categories.
  • Coffee exports generate more than half of Ethiopia's export returns (53%). Other agricultural products, including vegetables, oil seeds, and cotton reflect the remainder of major exports (10%).
Export ( coffee beans, oil seeds, vegetables ) import (petroleum)
The flag of Ethiopia consists of three equal horizontal stripes - the top stripe is green; the middle is yellow; and the bottom stripe is red. In the middle of the flag is the country's coat of arms on a blue circle. he Ethiopian flag was adopted on February 6, 1996, making it one of the world's newest flags. The Ethiopian colors date from the 1890s, when forces loyal to the emperor are believed to have flown pennants of green, yellow and red as they fought against Italian forces. The first Ethiopian flag using these same colors was adopted in 1897.

Ethiopia was able to maintain its independence after defeating the Italians in the 1896 war in Adawa.

In Ethiopia technology is updating faster than most places in Africa . They are now making android apps for tourist. In Ethiopia there are places where on the go phones are available but not everywhere considering they are one of the most pooriest countries in Africa .
Most traveling within Ethiopia is done by bus or minibus. There is no real functioning railroad system. Communication is usually done through television, radio, newspaper,magazines, and if you have the money then phones are used too.

Current events in Ethiopia

The Oromo culture and language have been banned and their identity stigmatized, becoming invisible and unnoticeable within mainstream perspectives. The Oromo people feel disrespected and begun to protest. Some protest have became violent.

Oromo protesters

Oromo protesters

Oromo protesters

Oromo protesters

Visit Ethiopia

  1. With over 80 ethnicities groups. Ethiopia is very diverse .
  2. Ethiopia has breathtaking landscapes such as the vast expanse of lake Tana and the arid plains of Omo valley to the capital city Addis Ababa. There are many lush green areas. More than 70% of the mountains on the African continent can be found in Ethiopia.
  3. Ethiopia is the home to many unique and lesser known species.
  4. The largest, nearly 115 ft long and weighing 500 tons, is the biggest price of stone ever cut by humanity anywhere on earth, just out side the town of Axumite palace in Ethiopia.
  5. Cuisine, Ethiopian food is one of the worlds most exiting cuisines.
  6. If you you're a coffee lover you'll visiting Ethiopia. Coffee was first discovered in Ethiopia in the 9th century.
Come visit Ethiopia

Life as an Ethiopian student.

If you have the money you can go to school but not many family's have the money . There's a ratio of 1 teacher for 65 students so the students don't get the attention they need to meet their full potential. Many students after school help their family's with watching younger siblings and grandparents and farming . For fun they do puzzles and play hockey . They listen to Ethiopian music. Most schools don't have a dress code so they where what they have but schools that do have a dress code wear blue or green uniforms.

Life as a Ethiopian student

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.