WHAT IS PNEUMONIA?
Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs that causes the alveoli (air sacs within the lungs) to fill with fluid or pus. It can be caused by bacteria, a virus or a fungi. It can also be a byproduct of breathing in toxic fumes.
Most Common Bacterial Pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumoniae
Characteristic: chain of cocci
Because pneumonia is an infection in the lungs, it could be caused by any type of bacteria, virus, or fungi, it does not have specific characteristics. The only shared characteristics are the symptoms.
MODE OF OPERATION
It takes a minimum of 1-3 days to 7-10 days for symptoms to appear, the length of time it will stay in your body depends on what form of infection it is. Viral pneumonia is less aggressive than bacterial pneumonia. When the germs that cause pneumonia reach your lungs, the lungs' air sacs become inflamed and fill up with fluid or pus. This causes the symptoms of pneumonia, such as a cough, fever, chills, and trouble breathing. When you have pneumonia, oxygen may have trouble reaching your blood. If there is too little oxygen in your blood, your body cells can't work properly. Because of this and the risk of the infection spreading through the body, pneumonia can cause death. It is spread by mouth to mouth contact, inhaling water droplets that have become airborne from sneezes or coughs.
Anyone can get affected by pneumonia, but those who are at serious risk of serious illness or even death are infants, children, and those at ages 60 and above.
Pneumonia is found across the world, but is most common in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Antibiotics: Antibiotics and Penicillin Antibiotics
Supportive Care: Oxygen Therapy, Oral Rehydration Therapy, IV Fluids
Specialists: Infectious Disease Doctor, Pulmonologist, Primary Care Provider, Respiratory Therapist
Pneumonia is the world’s leading cause of death among children under 5 years of age, accounting for 15% of all deaths of children under 5 years old. There are 120 million episodes of pneumonia per year in children under 5, over 10% of which (14 million) progress to severe episodes. There was an estimated 935,000 deaths from pneumonia in children under the age of 5 in 2013.