Edward Weston & Diane Arbus Eddie Burns NC1C

Eward Weston (1886-1958)

Edward Weston was born in Highland Park, Illinois on March 24, 1886. He is regarded as one of the masters of 20th century photography. He started taking photos at the age of 16 after he was giving his first camera; a (kodak bullseye 2) for his birthday. After studying at the Illinois College of photography he moved to California where he settled to pursue a career in photography. Between 1911-1922 Weston worked from his own studio in Tropicana, where he became very successful using a soft pictorial style which won him many salon and professional awards. He made a decision in 1922 to abandon the pictorial style that was popular at the time to experiment along with his studio partner Margarethe Mather in a more abstract, straight edged style of photography, becoming the pioneer in sharp and precise presentation. In 1923 Edward Weston moved to Mexico City with Tina Modottti his apprentice and lover at the time.During this period his pictures included the human form as well as other items in nature such as costal wildlife, plants and landscapes. In 1924 he moved away from using soft focus completely to concentrate his studies of natural forms. Weston moved back to California where he stayed permanently, and began working with his son on some joint exhibitions.Between 1926-1928 Weston mainly shot close up nudes, landscapes, and still life's. Some of these became his most famous and influential work, including cabbage leaf, nautilus and pepper number 30 which is regarded as one of photographies all time master pieces.Weston used an8x10 inch view camera, always in natural daylight. He used four-hour exposures to capture as much detail as possible. He never enlarged, cropped, or retouched his photographs.

Upload.wikimedia.org. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b7/Weston-pepper30.jpg [Accessed 18 Mar. 2017].
Ebe, J. (2017). World’s 27 Most Expensive Photographs Ever Sold {NSFW}. [online] SLR Lounge. Available at: https://www.slrlounge.com/2-most-expensive-photographs-in-the-world/ [Accessed 18 Mar. 2017].
S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/01/6b/36/016b369b78fdda1bd897712f4cc44685.jpg [Accessed 18 Mar. 2017].

In 1929 Weston moved to Carmel California and began photographing trees and rocks around Point Lobos. In 1932 he became one of the founding members along with Ansel Adams, Willard Van Dyke, Imogen Cunningham, and Sonia Noskowiak of the f/64 club. The group chose the name f/64 as this was the aperture they used to achieve maximum sharpness from the foreground into the background. Weston received a letter on March the 22nd 1937 telling him that he had been awarded a Guggenheim grant of $2000, which was a first for a photographer. He used the money to buy a car and travel around North America photographing what ever he wanted. Over the following year he had covered over 16000 miles and produced 1260 negatives. After such a successful year Weston applied for and received a second Guggenheim grant and used most of the money to print the previous years work. 1945 was the year Weston first noticed the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, and by 1947 the disease had progressed so quickly he advertised for an assistant who wanted photography lessons in return for their services. Weston died in 1958 in his home on Wild Cat Hill and his ashes where scattered in the Pacific ocean at Point Lobos, where the beach would later be named Weston Beach.

Diane Arbus 1923-1971

Born Diane Nemerov in New YorkCity on March the 14th 1923, Diane Arbus was an American photographer and writer whose work focused mainly around people such circus performers, dwarfs and nudists who where at the time seen as being ugly or surreal. At the age of 18 Dianne Nemerov married Allan Arbus who was her childhood sweetheart and they had two daughters together, Doon and Amy. Allan also gave Diane her first camera after their honeymoon, and in 1946 they set up a commercial photography business together where they done fashion shoots for magazines such as vogue, glamour and harpers bazaar. They separated in 1959 and were divorced by 1969 but stayed close friends and Allan still helped with her work by developing her film. Diane Arbus quit fashion in 1956 stating "she couldn't do it any more, and Im not going to do it anymore." This was when she began to follow strangers around the streets of New York City with a 35mm Nikon camera. The same year she enrolled in one of Lisette Models classes at The New School where she began to show signs of her most well known style and methods. Arbus visited dodgy hotels, public parks, a morgue among other seedy places. These images had a dark mood and unique raw quality about them. Some of these images where published in the July 1960 issue of Esquire magazine, and would later prove to a great advertisement for her work. By now Arbus was using a twin-lens reflex Rollieflex camera, which produced sharper more square images than the 35mm Nikon. Arbus was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1963 for a project based on "American rites, manners, and customs". In 1964 Arbus started using a twin-lens reflex Mamiya camera with a flash as well as her Rollieflex camera. Diane Arbus was well known for her ability to gain trust and establish long lasting personal relationships with her subjects, which showed in her gritty style. The first major exhibition of her work was held at the Museum of Modern Art and was called New Documents. The exhibition had work from Garry Winogrand, Lee Friedlander on show too and were later described as by John Szarkowski as the new generation of documentary photographers. In Arbus's later years and using softer light than she was previously known for, she took a number of photographs of people with mental disabilities showing all kinds of different emotions. Arbus thought these photographs to be "lyric and tender and pretty" at first, but by June, 1971, she told Lisette Model that she hated them. Diane Arbus's photography style is said to be "direct and unadorned, a frontal portrait centred in a square format. Her pioneering use of flash during daylight hours separated the subjects from the background, which added to her images quality and surreal look.

S-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/db/42/cb/db42cb6a491f2a829b69ee42e2ccf674.jpg [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].
Upload.wikimedia.org. (2017). Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/ca/Identical_Twins%2C_Roselle%2C_New_Jersey%2C_1967.jpg [Accessed 30 Mar. 2017].

Arbus had a history of depression similar to those her mother experienced, and the symptoms could have been made worse by her hepatitis. On july 26, 1971 while living at Westbeth Artists Community in New York City, Arbus took her own life by swallowing barbiturates and slitting her wrists with a razor blade. She had written the words, Last Supper in her diary and left it on the stairs leading up to the bathroom where Marvin Israel found her body two days later.

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