Boom to Bust By: Nheriessa Medwinter

Home Life: Mexican Americans

1930s:Mexican immigrants sitting outside of cabin
1930s:Mexican Americans getting deported

In the 1920's many Mexican Americans lived in the southwest as hardworking migrant workers toiling for low wages. Mexican American faced prejudice and received less equal treatment from whites. The depression farm owners welcomed the Mexicans. When the depression came in the 1930's many white migrant workers came looking for work. People wanted the government to force the Mexicans out of the country for their jobs. The federal government took control and forced the Mexicans out of the the country. Even those who were born in the U.S were sometimes deported.

Leisure Time: Women

1920s:4 flappers enjoy themselves in speakeasy
1930s:woman selling her four children for money

In the 1920's the role for women changed and the amount of women working increased by 25%. Although most women were still housewives those who had jobs worked as factory workers, salesclerks, secretaries, and telephone operators. Flappers wore appealing clothing and smoked and danced in public. In the 1930's for women who had husbands that lost their jobs had to look for jobs that would support their families. Women became coal miners and steel workers.

economics : African Americans

1920s: African Americans in peaceful protest for equal housing
1930's: African Americans get laid off faster and suffer unemployment greater than white workers.

In 1920's the African American experienced the Harlem Renaissance in the North and their status slightly improved. Many African Americans migrated to the North expecting for the racial tension to go away. They had more job opportunities for low wages but still faced discrimination, less rights, and segregation. In the great Depression African Americans got laid off the fastest and lost their jobs two to three times faster than the average white employee. African Americans directly competed with Caucasian men for jobs. African Americans often received less financial aid than white and were shunned from certain relief events.

Government: farmers

1920s: Farmer flourishing with crops
1930's: Family of three leaving their home while gusts of sand and dirt surround them

In the 1920's farmers overproduced because of the increase of demand, prospering land and surplus of rain. People believed that the increase in human settlement increased rainfall in semiarid regions. Many farmers lost their farms to foreclosure and failed to repay their debts. During the Great Depression deep plowing done by tractors removed the topsoil and native grasses that held the soil together. Gusts of winds started to blow and caused the Dust Bowl. Farmers also experienced the horrific aftermath of the Dust Bowl. Plants and animals choked on dust and people died of pneumonia and more than half a million families lost their homes. Okies, dust bowl migrants from Oklahoma who traveled with their families had to search for new jobs and homes.

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