Roll of Thunder Portfolio Melina shafie Period 4 ipad Honors

Jim Crow Laws

Barbers

Jim Crow laws banned barbers from serving white women or girls. According to ups.gov, "No colored barber shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls." This law took place in Georgia. If this law wasn't followed, blacks could be lynched, hanged, etc.

Nurses

Another law was that a white nurse should not be required to nurse a colored man. According to ups.gov, "No person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which negro men are placed." This law took place in Alabama.

The Great Depression

The Great Depression was from 1929 to 1939. (HISTORY.com) This era began when the stock market crashed. Because of this tradegy, many people lost their jobs and money. During this time period, there was also a drought. This caused farmers to be unable to farm, creating less food. There were many hobos, or young men and women who didn't have work and rode on trains. To make matters worse, the Jim Crow Laws were still being used at this time. This meant that if you were a colored person, you were treated harshly. Like how the Logan's were treated. For example, none of the Logan's or other colored people were allowed to ride the bus to school. They were also given used items that the whites no longer cared for. On top of that, they were called abusive names Iike a n*****.

Abolishment of Slavery

The end of slavery for Africans in the United States was a tremendous deal. Slavery was abolished by president Abraham Lincoln in the document: The Emancipation Proclmation. Here is a quote from his speech: "And I hereby call upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless necessary in self-defense; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed; they labor faithfully for minimum wages." But, the abolishment of slavery did not mean blacks were still treated with respect. For example, here are two quotes from Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry that explains this. “So now, even though seventy years have passed since slavery, most white people still think of us as they did then—that we’re not as good as they are” (#228)“She made me apologize to that ole ugly Lillian Jean ’bout something wasn’t even my fault. She took them ole Simmses’ side without even hearing mine.” (#210)

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America

Lynching

According to Google, lynching is: "(of a mob) kill (someone), especially by hanging, for an alleged offense with or without a legal trial." This basically means, a mob of people who hang someone without a legal trial. An example from the book is when the Simms, sheriff, Wallaces, and other whites wanted to lynch TJ without letting him explain the situation first. Here is an example from Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry. “—Now who was them other two and where’s that money y’all took?”Whatever T.J.’s reply, it obviously was not what Kaleb Wallace wanted to hear, for he pulled his leg back and kicked T.J.’s swollen stomach with such force that T.J. emitted a cry of awful pain and fell prone upon the ground.” (#432-433) This is an example of how Kaleb didn't even let T.J. explain his answer and hurt him anyway.

Credits:

Created with images by K. Kendall - "Nabeh" • tpsdave - "barber barbershop shave" • Children's Bureau Centennial - "8c30486r" • Thomas Shahan 3 - "White Collar, c. 1940 - Linocuts by Giacomo G. Patri" • Marcela McGreal - "NYC 12-13-14"

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