Per 1,000 live births, it was estimated about 175 children under the age of 5 would die. 37% of children die when they're 0-28 days old. It's estimated that 1% of their deaths is because of injuries, another 1% is because of tetanus, 5% of it is because of other conditions, 6% is because of pneumonia, 8% is because of congenital anomalies, 19% is because of sepsis and other infectious conditions, 29% is because of prematurity and 30% is because of birth asphyxia and birth trauma. 63% of children under 5 die when they're 1-59 months old. It's estimated that 1% of their deaths is because of measles, 2% is because of pertussis, 2% of it is because of AIDS, 4% of it is because of meningitis/encephalitis, 8% of it is because of non communicable diseases, 8% of it is because of malaria, 11% of it is because of injuries, 18% of it is because diarrheal diseases, 20% of it is because of other conditions and 26% of it is because of pneumonia.
In Burundi, 8% of adults aged 15-49 are living with AIDS. In 2004, there were approximately 250,000 people living with AIDS in Burundi. There were an estimated 25,000 deaths from AIDS in 2003, and it was estimated in 2005 that the average life expectancy in Burundi is 50 years, it went up 8 years from 42 in 2000. When it comes to poverty and hunger, over 40% (almost 50%) of people are living on less than $1.00 a day.