Today, there are 14 million jews, worldwide, 6 million located in Israel and 5 million in the United States. They attend the synagogue and have worship services Friday evenings and Saturday mornings. Jews celebrate many religious holidays including:
This is the new year festival held on the first and sometimes the second day of the Jewish month, Tishir (in September). It is marked by blowing the shofar and begins the ten days of atonement. Apples and honey are iconic to Rosh Hashanah because it symbolizes a good and sweet year to come.
Also known as the "Day of Atonement", Yom Kippur is set aside to afflict the soul and allow Jews to reflect upon themselves, atoning for their sins of the past. They will refrain from work, fast, or attend synagogue services.
Pesach (The Passover)
This holiday celebrates the freedom of the Children of Israel from slavery in ancient Egypt. (http://www.lifeway.com/Article/sermon-god-delivers-exodus-12-egypt-israel for the story found in Exodus) There are several unique customs and rituals done on Pesach: the eating of unleavened bread, the eating of bitter herbs, abstention from eating leaven, removal of leaven from the home and participation in the seder meal and telling the story
A less Jewish festival, lasting eight days from the 25th day of the Jewish month, Kislev (in December) and commemorating the redemption of the Temple in 165 BCE by the Maccabees tribe after its fall by the Syrians. It is marked by the lighting of eight candles for each day of the holiday.