James L. Leloudis, Professor of History, and Cecelia Moore, PhD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. ©️2018.
With research assistance from Rob Shapard, PhD, and Brian Fennessy, doctoral candidate in History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Quotations, in order of presentation: Francis P. Venable to F. H. Rogers, May 16, 1913, folder 987, University of North Carolina Papers, University of North Carolina Archives #40005; Kemp P. Battle, History of the University of North Carolina, Vol. 2 (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Printing Company, 1912), p. 323; Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University, June 2, 1913, series 2.2, folder 26, Julian Shakespeare Carr Papers, Southern Historical Collection #00141; speech fragments, series 3, folder 60, William W. Kitchin Papers, Southern Historical Collection #04018, and "The Governor's Speech," Oxford Public Ledger, November 5, 1909; Francis P. Venable, Acceptance of the Monument, series 4, subseries on education, folder 128, Francis Preston Venable Papers, Southern Historical Collection #04368, and Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University, June 2, 1913 (above); review of "Birth of a Nation," The Moving Picture World, March 13, 1915, p. 1587; Armistead Burwell, "The Ideal Confederate Soldier," an address at the unveiling of the Confederate monument in Cornelius, N.C., August 4, 1910 (Cp 970.76 .B97i), North Carolina Collection; "Decoration Day, A Verbatim Report of the Address of Frederick Douglass at Franklin Square, Rochester, N.Y.," 1894, Speech, Article, and Book File, Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress; "Will Mr. London Answer," and "Did Not Die at Appomattox," Winston-Salem Union Republican, August 29, 1907. The University Archives, North Carolina Collection, and Southern Historical Collection are located in Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Photographs, in order of presentation: UNC Confederate monument, by Anne Mitchell Whisnant; Soldiers’ Monument postcard, North Carolina Postcards, North Carolina Collection; UNC Confederate monument with visitors, Wikimedia Commons; Rally Protesting UNC's Confederate Era Monument “Silent Sam” Held on Campus, August 22, 2017, Sara D. Davis, Getty Images; UNC Confederate monument and McCorkle Place, by Juande Mondria; first Confederate monument in North Carolina, 1868, Cross Creek Cemetery, Fayetteville, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; old Memorial Hall exterior, old Memorial Hall interior, new Memorial Hall exterior, and Confederate Memorial Plaque, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives (hereafter, NCCPA); Carolina Alumni Memorial in Memory of Those Lost in Military Service, by William Yeung; Cleveland County Confederate monument, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; North Carolina Confederate monuments chart, by Jason Clemmons, based on information available on the Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina web site; Emancipation: The Past and The Future, Harper's Weekly, January 24, 1863, printed in color by King & Baird, Philadelphia, 1865, Library Company of Philadelphia; white supremacy mementos, North Carolina Collection; Alamance County Confederate monument, Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina; UNC Confederate monument plaque, by Cecelia Moore; Julian Shakespeare Carr, NCCPA; Unveiling of the Confederate Monument, June 2, 1913, North Carolina Postcards, North Carolina Collection; Julian S. Carr, Private, Co. K, from photo plate before p. 767, Walter Clark, ed., Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-65, vol. 2 (Goldsboro, N.C.: Nash Brothers Book and Job Printers, ); 10th Ohio Cavalry Regimental Colors, Snyder-Lucas Family History; William Walton Kitchin, Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (hereafter, LCPPD); Uncle Sam – Guess I'll Keep 'Em, Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, June 9, 1898, colorized version from Abe Ignacio, Enrique de la Cruz, Jorge Emmanuel, and Helen Toribio, The Forbidden Book: The Philippine-American War in Political Cartoons (San Francisco: T’Boli Publishing, 2004), 18; Three Sioux in Ghost Dance Costumes, Charles R. Savage Photograph Collection, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, via Mountain West Digital Library; United Confederate Veterans commemorative postage stamp, 1951, Wikimedia Commons; John Calvin McLauchlin and Mary Elizabeth Caraway McLauchlin, Find a Grave; Anson County Confederate monument, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; UNC sophomore class, 1907, NCCPA; Brother v. Brother, Taylor Finley, Early Appalachian Photographer, Images by Romano, Summersville, W.V.; "The Birth of a Nation" theatrical poster, Wikimedia Commons; "The Birth of a Nation" screenshot, the Everett Collection; "The Birth of a Nation" movie postcard, Orpheum Theater, Fargo, N.D., Institute for Regional Studies, Archives Artifacts Mss 1597, North Dakota State University Libraries, Fargo, N.D.; Frederick Douglass, Brady-Handy Photograph Collection, LCPPD; soldier group, LCPPD; UNC Confederate monument close-up, by Matt Couch, WUNC Radio; drinking fountain on the county courthouse lawn, Halifax County, N.C., Farm Security Administration–Office of War Information Collection, LCPPD; front inscription, Confederate monument, state capitol grounds, Raleigh, Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina; close-up of the Confederate monument in Sylva, Cory Vaillancourt, Smoky Mountain News, August 23, 2017; students at UNC Confederate monument protest, from photos of September 1, 2011 demonstration (see Supporting Sources), UNC Confederate monument, Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina; North Carolina native Parker D. Robbins, Sergeant, 2nd Regiment, U.S. Colored Cavalry, North Carolina State Archives; Silent Sam, NCCPA. The North Carolina Collection and North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives are located in Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
For additional archival sources, see: Guide to Researching Campus Monuments and Buildings: "Silent Sam" Confederate Monument, and Guide to Resources About UNC's Confederate Monument. To learn more about Confederate monuments in North Carolina, see: Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina and North Carolina Civil War Monuments. The department of history at UNC has compiled a list of additional resources related to Silent Sam and Confederate monuments more generally, available here.