James L. Leloudis, Professor of History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Copyright 2017.
With research assistance from Cecelia Moore, PhD; Rob Shapard, PhD; and Brian Fennessy.
Quotations, in order of presentation: Francis P. Venable to F. H. Rogers, May 16, 1913, folder 987, University of North Carolina Papers, University of North Carolina Archives #40005; Kemp P. Battle, History of the University of North Carolina, Vol. 2 (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Printing Company, 1912), p. 323; Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University, June 2, 1913, series 2.2, folder 26, Julian Shakespeare Carr Papers, Southern Historical Collection #00141; speech fragments, series 3, folder 60, William W. Kitchin Papers, Southern Historical Collection #04018, and "The Governor's Speech," Oxford Public Ledger, November 5, 1909; "Corner Stone Laid," Wadesboro Messenger and Intelligencer, January 18, 1906; R. D. W. Connor, Race Elements in the White Population of North Carolina (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Printing Co., 1920), pp. 12-13; Joseph G. de Roulhac Hamilton, Reconstruction in North Carolina (New York: Columbia University, 1914), p. 466; Francis P. Venable, Acceptance of the Monument, series 4, subseries on education, folder 128, Francis Preston Venable Papers, Southern Historical Collection #04368, and Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University (see above); review of "Birth of a Nation," The Moving Picture World, March 13, 1915, p. 1587; Armistead Burwell, "The Ideal Confederate Soldier," an address at the unveiling of the Confederate monument in Cornelius, N.C., August 4, 1910 (Cp 970.76 .B97i), North Carolina Collection; and "Corner Stone Laid" (see above). The University Archives, North Carolina Collection, and Southern Historical Collection are located in Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Photographs, in order of presentation: Silent Sam, by Anne Mitchell Whisnant; Silent Sam postcard, 1913, North Carolina Postcards, North Carolina Collection; Silent Sam with visitors, Wikimedia Commons; Silent Sam protest, The Daily Tar Heel; Silent Sam and McCorkle Place, by Juande Mondria; first Confederate monument in North Carolina, 1868, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; exterior and interior of Memorial Hall, and Memorial Hall tablets 1-2 and 3-4, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives (hereafter, NCCPA); Cleveland County Confederate monument, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; North Carolina Confederate monuments chart, by Jason Clemmons, based on information available on the Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina web site; Emancipation: The Past and Present, Harper's Weekly, January 24, 1863, printed in color by King & Baird, Philadelphia, 1865, Library Company of Philadelphia; white supremacy mementos, North Carolina Collection; Alamance County Confederate monument, Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina; Silent Sam plaque, by Cecelia Moore; Julian Shakespeare Carr, NCCPA; unveiling of the Confederate monument, June 2, 1913, North Carolina Postcards, North Carolina Collection; Confederate veterans in Brevard, Transylvania County, N.C., 1911, NCCPA; Julian Carr at Gettysburg, 1913, National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (hereafter, LCPPD); 10th Ohio Cavalry flag, Snyder-Lucas Family History web site; Whipping A Negro Girl In North Carolina By "Unconstructed" Johnsonians, Harper's Weekly, September 14, 1867, p. 577, New York Public Library Digital Collections; William Walton Kitchin, Harris & Ewing Collection, LCPPD; "Guess I'll Keep Them," Leslie's Weekly Newspaper, June 9, 1898; Three Sioux in Ghost Dance Costumes, Charles R. Savage Photograph Collection, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, via Mountain West Digital Library; United Confederate Veterans commemorative postage stamp, 1951, Wikimedia Commons; John Calvin McLauchlin and Mary Elizabeth Caraway McLauchlin, Find a Grave; Anson County Confederate monument, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; Lantern Slide 0211, R.D.W. Connor, Collier Cobb Photographic Collection, NCCPA; Wilmington, N.C. race riot, 1898: montage of 5 photos, LCPPD; Ku-Klux Klan Again - Planning the Contemplated Murder of John Campbell in North Carolina, 1871, Alamy; UNC sophomore class, 1907, NCCPA; Brother v. Brother, Taylor Finley, Early Appalachian Photographer, Images by Romano, Summersville, W. V.; "Birth of a Nation" poster, Wikimedia Commons; "Birth of a Nation" screenshot, the Everett Collection; "Birth of a Nation" movie postcard, Orpheum Theater, Fargo, N.D., Institute for Regional Studies Archives Artifacts Mss 1597, North Dakota State University Libraries, Fargo, N.D.; dedication of the Jackson County Confederate monument, 1915, Hunter Library Special Collections, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, N.C.; drinking fountain on the county courthouse lawn, Halifax County, N.C., Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Collection, LCPPD; Colonel Roger Moore and Confederate States of America flag, Alice Borden Moore Sisson Papers, Cape Fearians Collection, New Hanover County Public Library, Wilmington, N.C.; students at Silent Sam protest, September 1, 2011, Commenorative Landscapes of North Carolina; Colored Troops, Under General Wild, Liberating Slaves in North Carolina, Harper's Weekly, January 23, 1864, North Carolina Civil War Image Portfolio, NCCPA; and Silent Sam, NCCPA. The North Carolina Collection and North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives are located in Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
For additional archival sources, see: Guide to Researching Campus Monuments and Buildings: "Silent Sam" Confederate Monument, and Guide to Resources About UNC's Confederate Monument. To learn more about Confederate monuments in North Carolina, see: Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina and North Carolina Civil War Monuments. The department of history at UNC has compiled a list of additional resources related to Silent Sam and Confederate monuments more generally, available here.