James L. Leloudis, Professor of History, and Cecelia Moore, PhD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Copyright 2018.
With research assistance from Rob Shapard, PhD, and Brian Fennessy, doctoral candidate in History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Quotations, in order of presentation: Francis P. Venable to F. H. Rogers, May 16, 1913, folder 987, University of North Carolina Papers, University of North Carolina Archives #40005; Kemp P. Battle, History of the University of North Carolina, Vol. 2 (Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton Printing Company, 1912), p. 323; Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University, June 2, 1913, series 2.2, folder 26, Julian Shakespeare Carr Papers, Southern Historical Collection #00141; speech fragments, series 3, folder 60, William W. Kitchin Papers, Southern Historical Collection #04018, and "The Governor's Speech," Oxford Public Ledger, November 5, 1909; Francis P. Venable, Acceptance of the Monument, series 4, subseries on education, folder 128, Francis Preston Venable Papers, Southern Historical Collection #04368, and Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University, June 2, 1913 (above); review of "Birth of a Nation," The Moving Picture World, March 13, 1915, p. 1587; Armistead Burwell, "The Ideal Confederate Soldier," an address at the unveiling of the Confederate monument in Cornelius, N.C., August 4, 1910 (Cp 970.76 .B97i), North Carolina Collection; "Decoration Day, A Verbatim Report of the Address of Frederick Douglass at Franklin Square, Rochester, N.Y.," 1894, Speech, Article, and Book File, Frederick Douglass Papers, Library of Congress; "Will Mr. London Answer," and "Did Not Die at Appomattox," Winston-Salem Union Republican, August 29, 1907. The University Archives, North Carolina Collection, and Southern Historical Collection are located in Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Photographs, in order of presentation: Silent Sam, by Anne Mitchell Whisnant; Silent Sam postcard, 1913, North Carolina Postcards, North Carolina Collection; Silent Sam with visitors, Wikimedia Commons; Rally Protesting UNC's Confederate Era Monument 'Silent Sam' Held On Campus, Sara D. Davis, Getty Images; Silent Sam and McCorkle Place, by Juande Mondria; first Confederate monument in North Carolina, 1868, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; Memorial Hall exterior, 1931, and Confederate dead tablet, North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives (hereafter, NCCPA); Carolina Alumni Memorial in Memory of Those Lost in Military Service, by William Yeung; Cleveland County Confederate monument, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; North Carolina Confederate monuments chart, by Jason Clemmons, based on information available on the Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina web site; Emancipation: The Past and Present, Harper's Weekly, January 24, 1863, printed in color by King & Baird, Philadelphia, 1865, Library Company of Philadelphia; white supremacy mementos, North Carolina Collection; Alamance County Confederate monument, Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina; Silent Sam plaque, by Cecelia Moore; Julian Shakespeare Carr, NCCPA; unveiling of the Confederate monument, June 2, 1913, North Carolina Postcards, North Carolina Collection; Julian S. Carr, Private, Co. K, from photo plate before p. 767, Walter Clark, ed., Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-65, vol. 2 (Goldsboro, N.C.: Nash Brothers Book and Job Printers, ), plate preceding p. 767; 10th Ohio Cavalry Regimental Colors, Snyder-Lucas Family History; William Walton Kitchin, Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division (hereafter, LCPPD); Uncle Sam–"Guess I'll Keep 'Em," Leslie's Illustrated Weekly Newspaper, June 9, 1898, colorized version of JMU Omeka; Three Sioux in Ghost Dance Costumes, Charles R. Savage Photograph Collection, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, via Mountain West Digital Library; United Confederate Veterans commemorative postage stamp, 1951, Wikimedia Commons; John Calvin McLauchlin and Mary Elizabeth Caraway McLauchlin, Find a Grave; Anson County Confederate monument, North Carolina Civil War Monuments; UNC sophomore class, 1907, NCCPA; Brother v. Brother, Taylor Finley, Early Appalachian Photographer, Images by Romano, Summersville, W.V.; "Birth of a Nation" poster, Wikimedia Commons; "Birth of a Nation" screenshot, the Everett Collection; "Birth of a Nation" movie postcard, Orpheum Theater, Fargo, N.D., Institute for Regional Studies Archives Artifacts Mss 1597, North Dakota State University Libraries, Fargo, N.D.; Frederick Douglass, Brady-Handy Photograph Collection, LCPPD; soldier group, LCPPD; Silent Sam close-up, by Matt Couch, WUNC Radio; drinking fountain on the county courthouse lawn, Halifax County, N.C., Farm Security Administration–Office of War Information Collection, LCPPD; front inscription, Confederate monument, Raleigh, N.C., Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina; students at Silent Sam protest, September 1, 2011, Commenorative Landscapes of North Carolina; North Carolina native Parker D. Robbins, Sergeant, 2nd Regiment, U.S. Colored Cavalry, North Carolina State Archives; Silent Sam, NCCPA. The North Carolina Collection and North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives are located in Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
For additional archival sources, see: Guide to Researching Campus Monuments and Buildings: "Silent Sam" Confederate Monument, and Guide to Resources About UNC's Confederate Monument. To learn more about Confederate monuments in North Carolina, see: Commemorative Landscapes of North Carolina and North Carolina Civil War Monuments. The department of history at UNC has compiled a list of additional resources related to Silent Sam and Confederate monuments more generally, available here.