TOTALITARIANISM AND VIOLENCE
Totalitarianism refers to an authoritarian political system that controls every aspect of the public and private sectors. Totalitarian regimes establish complete political, social, and cultural control over their subjects, and are headed by a charismatic leader.
There are several characteristics that are common to totalitarian regimes, including:
- Total control of the military;
- Total control over means of communication (such as newspapers, propaganda, etc…);
- Police control with the use of terror as a control tactic;
- Control of the economy.
There were three types of totalitarian regimes:
- Fascism: it was created by Mussolini;
- Nazism: it had as leader Adolf Hitler. The Nazism claimed the superiority of race;
- Stalinism: it was created by Stalin after the death of Lenin.
The totalitarianism is a system based on violence, in which the violence becomes the real and dominant value, which with time turns in a culture. The organized violence became permissible and sometimes necessary under totalitarian rules, justified by the task to the state ideology and pursuit of the state’s goal. In Nazi Germany and Stalin’s Soviet Union, whole classes of people, such as the Jews and the kulaks (wealthy peasant farmers) respectively, were identified by the jude star or determined marks.
This value forms and constructs the whole institutions of the state and society because it is the only cause of maintaining the existence of the state (power) in the inside and outside level and ultimately becomes the source of legitimacy.
The Rom were always isolated by the locals, which accentuated the independent character and the seed units of this people and we always characterized as the way of life by traveling. While they have a strong sense of hospitality, always been treated in a hostile manner and were often victims of persecution, Nazis exterminated more than one million in Germany and the occupied countries. They were accused of being "spies" and were held responsible, such as the Jews, the death of Jesus Christ.
For the nazis this people compromised the birth rate and after 1933 homosexuals were arrested and submit to more and more strict rules. AT the end of age 30 on 1.5 milion of homosexual hundred thousand was accused and teen , fifteen thousand ended their day in the concentration camp with a pink triangle.
In 1920 a group of German scientists began to recommend the elimination of disabled considered "useless mouths" . Judged unproductive, and a burden to members of society "healthy and productive". This category included prostitutes, people who refused an employment proposal. They became part of that unfortunately large group of people sentenced to death only mark of distinction a black triangle.