Grammar Study Guide By: Montse werner

Passive Voice:

  • Types of are + a verb
  • Subject is the receiver of the verb
  • Examples:
  1. The Christmas tree was decorated by them.
  2. They were being helped decorated the tree by Evan.

Active Voice:

  • Just a verb
  • Subject was the doer of the verb
  • Examples:
  1. They decorated the Christmas tree.
  2. Evan helped decorate the tree.

Progressive Tense

  • Be + Present Participle
  • Forms of Be: Am, Is, Are, Was, Were, & Will be
  • Past Progressive: Was & Were
  • Present Progressive: Is, Are, & Am
  • Future Progressive: Will be
  • Examples:
  1. She was wrapping the gift.
  2. They were buying wrapping paper.
  3. He will be putting the present under the tree.

Perfect Tense

  • Have + Past Participle
  • Forms of Have: Have, Had, Has, & Will have
  • Past Perfect: Had
  • Present Perfect: Have & Has
  • Future Perfect: Will have
  • Examples:
  1. She had wrapped the gifts the night before.
  2. They have bought the wrapping paper.
  3. He will have put the gifts under the tree by the time we leave.

Subjunctive

  • Expresses wish, desire, contrary-to-fact, demand, or recommendation
  • Key Words: If, Whether, Should/Would, Suggest/Recommend, That, or Wish/Desire
  • Trumps all other moods
  • Examples:
  1. I must insist that you put up the Christmas lights.
  2. I wish that someone would put up the Christmas lights.
  3. I suggest you shovel the snow tomorrow.

Indicative

  • Expresses a fact or a question
  • Keys: Question marks or a fact
  • Examples:
  1. Who put up the the Christmas lights?
  2. I will put up the Christmas lights.

Imperative

  • Expresses a command
  • Key: Command
  • Examples:
  1. Put up those Christmas lights.
  2. Shovel the snow.

Emphatic

  • Expresses a special force to simple present or past verb (Do + Verb)
  • Key Words: Do, Does, or Did
  • Examples:
  1. I do like the new Christmas lights.
  2. I did shovel the snow.

Credits:

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