- Types of are + a verb
- Subject is the receiver of the verb
- The Christmas tree was decorated by them.
- They were being helped decorated the tree by Evan.
- Just a verb
- Subject was the doer of the verb
- They decorated the Christmas tree.
- Evan helped decorate the tree.
- Be + Present Participle
- Forms of Be: Am, Is, Are, Was, Were, & Will be
- Past Progressive: Was & Were
- Present Progressive: Is, Are, & Am
- Future Progressive: Will be
- She was wrapping the gift.
- They were buying wrapping paper.
- He will be putting the present under the tree.
- Have + Past Participle
- Forms of Have: Have, Had, Has, & Will have
- Past Perfect: Had
- Present Perfect: Have & Has
- Future Perfect: Will have
- She had wrapped the gifts the night before.
- They have bought the wrapping paper.
- He will have put the gifts under the tree by the time we leave.
- Expresses wish, desire, contrary-to-fact, demand, or recommendation
- Key Words: If, Whether, Should/Would, Suggest/Recommend, That, or Wish/Desire
- Trumps all other moods
- I must insist that you put up the Christmas lights.
- I wish that someone would put up the Christmas lights.
- I suggest you shovel the snow tomorrow.
- Expresses a fact or a question
- Keys: Question marks or a fact
- Who put up the the Christmas lights?
- I will put up the Christmas lights.
- Expresses a command
- Key: Command
- Put up those Christmas lights.
- Shovel the snow.
- Expresses a special force to simple present or past verb (Do + Verb)
- Key Words: Do, Does, or Did
- I do like the new Christmas lights.
- I did shovel the snow.