Cervical Cancer By: ellika cross and mackenzie coscia

Where is the cervix located? The cervix is the lowermost part of the uterus, where it connects with the vaginal wall. It is shaped like a small donut with a tiny hole in the center.

What is cervical cancer? Cervical cells start from cells with pre-cancerous changes. It usually takes several years for cervical pre-cancer to change to cervical cancer, but it also can happen in less than a year. For most women, pre-cancerous cells will go away without any treatment. Still, in some women pre-cancers turn into true (invasive) cancers.

Causes and risk factors for cervical cancer include human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, having many sexual partners, smoking, taking birth control pills, and engaging in early sexual contact. HPV infection may cause cervical dysplasia, or abnormal growth of cervical cells.

There are no symptoms, but people may experience: pain in the pelvis, pain during intercourse, abnormal menstrual cycle, fatigue, and weight loss.

A well-proven way to prevent cervical cancer is to have testing (screening) to find pre-cancers before they can turn into invasive cancer. The Pap test (or Pap smear) and the human papilloma virus (HPV) test are used for this.

Treatments include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.

Credits:

http://greatist.com/grow/pap-smear-recommendations http://fightingbackagainsthiv.blogspot.com/2016/07/hpv-and-hiv-coinfection.html

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