•During this time, William Shakespeare, regarded as the greatest playwright of all time, wrote many of his most famous plays and works.
•Many women tried to get girls to go to school as well as just boys, and they started the movement, but this demand wasn't achieved until several centuries after the time.
•Most of the art during this time focused on architecture, philosophy, and paintings that took place outside of Italy.
(William Shakespeare) 1564-1616
Christine Pizan fighting for women rights
Germain Painter: Durer
•Albrecht Dürer made woodcuts and engravings. His work often portrayed religious subjects, but some portrayed myths or realistic landscapes.
•He was very popular and helped spread Renaissance styles. He emphasized realism and influenced the work of another German artist, Hans Holbein.
One of Durer's engravings
German painter: Holbein
•Hans Holbein the Younger specialized in painting portraits that were so detailed they almost looked photographed.
•He emigrated to England and there he painted portraits of King Henry VIII and other members of the English royal family.
A self-portrait by Hans Holbein
A portrait he drew of King henry VIII
Flemish painter: Van Eyck
•Jan Van Eyck was the first great Flemish painter in the Northern Renaissance.
•He painted with oil-based paints to development techniques that painters still use. In his work, he displayed unusually realistic details to reveal personality of his subjects.
Self Portrait by Van Eyck
Painting by Van Eyck that is unusually realistic
Flemish Painter: Bruegel
•Pieter Bruegel the Elder was interested in realistic details and individual people. He was very good at portraying large numbers of people.
•His works captured scenes from everyday peasant life like weddings, dances, and harvests.
"Peasant Wedding" by Bruegel (1568)
Christian Humanist: Erasmus
•Desiderius Erasmus believed in Christianity of the heart, not one of ceremonies or rules. He believed in order to improve society, all people should study the bible.
•Erasmus wrote his most famous book "The Praise of Folly" in 1509. This book poked fun at greedy merchants, heartsick lovers, quarrelsome scholars, and pompous priests.
Quote: "Give light, and the darkness will disappear of itself." -Desiderius Erasmus
A copy of his book "The praise of Folly"
Christian Humanist: More
•Thomas More always tried to show a better model of society in all of his works.
•More wrote the book "Utopia" in 1516, which in Greek means "no place". In English it means an ideal place, which is decided in More's book. The book is about an imaginary land where greed, corruption, and war has been weeded out, and in this Utopia, with little greed, Utopians had little use for money.
Quote: "One of the greatest problems of our time is that many are schooled but few are educated." -Thomas More
A copy of More's book "Utopia"
Christine de Pizan
•During this time, many could not read or write, and the families who could afford education, only sent their sons. Christine spoke out against this practice.
•Christine was highly educated for the time and was one of the first women to earn a living as a writer.
•She wrote many books, including short stories, biographies, novels, and manuals, and she questioned the different treatments of boys and girls in his works.
Painting of Christine de Pizan writing
One of her most famous books, "The Book of the City of Ladies"