Who: United States Navy and Imperial Japanese Navy
Leaders: United States Leaders - Chester Nimitz, Frank Jack Fletcher, and Raymond A. Spruance. Japanese Leaders - Isoroku Yamamoto, Chuichi Nagumo, and Nobutake Kondo
What: The battle was a sea battle. It was at the Midway Atoll in the pacific theatre.
Objectives: The Japanese tried to draw the American Carrier fleet into a trap. They wanted to finish bombing our ships and take out the US Pacific Fleet and then invade and take over Hawaii.
When: June 3, 1942 - June 7, 1942
Where: It took place in the North Pacific Ocean at Midway Atoll (island) in the Pacific Theatre. Midway is roughly between North America and Asia.
Why: The US navy won against Japan even with how little ships they had. The loss of the four carriers stopped the expansion of the Japanese Empire in the Pacific, and put Japan on the defensive.
Why: The Battle of Midway was the turning point in the Pacific War. Before the Battle of the Coral Sea the imperial Navy of Japan had swept aside all of its enemies from the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
How: 1. Midway Island was chosen due to its location and importance to U.S.
2. Code breaking by U.S. intelligence played a critical role in the battle
3. Japan lost all four of its large aircraft carriers involved in the battle