Jamestown kendall moseley

  • The Virginia Company of London got a charter from King James of England to explore what is now Virginia.
  • The Virginia Company payed for the trip.
  • They left England on December 20, 1606.
  • The explorers who went sailed to the new world on three ships; the "Discovery", "Godspeed" and the "Susan Constant".
  • Captain Christopher Newport led the trip from London.
  • The English wanted to explore because they were behind on exploration in the new world.
  • There was 104 people on the three ships to Jamestown.
  • Only to people on the trip were female.
  • On the trip to Jamestown, only one person died.
  • On May 14, 1607, Jamestown, the first permanent settlement was founded.
  • The settlers settled on the James River.
  • It was named Jamestown after King James I of England.
  • Jamestown wasn't the first attempt to colonize America, the English had already tried and failed with Roanoke.
  • The investors in the trip believed they would get rich because the explorers would find a way to Asia.
  • They finished building the fort on June 15, 1607.
  • The settlement was a peninsula and that made it easy to defend against Spanish attacks.
  • Spanish ships were not able to fire into Jamestown.
  • Jamestown was a representative government.
  • The president of Jamestown was Edward Maria Winfield.
  • John Smith was also one the few leaders of Jamestown.
  • There was a council of seven acting as the government.
  • In 1607, Christopher Newport had to go back to England for more supplies.
  • In September of 1608 John Smith took over as leader.
  • they had conflicts with the local native americans.
  • Chief Powatan was the leader of the local Algonquian tribes and they liked to attack people invading their land.
  • Jamestown was on the Powatan Indian's main hunting spot.
  • The Native Americans attacked the settlers within weeks of there arrival.
  • Eight colonist were captured by the powatan in 1612.
  • There was of source of fresh water in Jamestown.
  • The colonist were starving because there wasn't enough food.
  • Sometimes the Indians gave colonist food in exchange for something else.
  • 1609-1610 was known as the starving time.
  • In August of 1609, twenty men and boys died of starvation.
  • Almost all all settlers died during the starving time.
  • Only thirty-eight out of 104 people made it to January.
  • John Smith said "no work no food" meaning if want a chance to live you got to work for it.
  • Sometimes they had to eat the people who already died to keep themselves alive.
  • They did multiple burials at one time since people were dying so often.
  • Thomas Gates, one of the leaders of Jamestown was stuck in Bermuda with more supplies and food for the colonist.
  • The colonist were just about to abandon Jamestown in 1610 when more supplies came.
  • Chief Powatan had a daughter named Pocahontas.
  • Pocahonta's real name was Matoaka.
  • She visited Jamestown often even if her father didn't like it.
  • John Smith was captured by the Powatan Indians in 1609.
  • The Native Americans tried to beat him to death but Pocahontas saved him.
  • The Indians and Colonist were friends after Pocahontas saved his life.
  • Later, John Smith was sent back to England because of a gunpowder injury.
  • Thomas Gates became governor of Jamestown after John Smith left.
  • There biggest export is the tobacco they grew.
  • Jamestown got money when John Rolfe started growing tobacco.
  • There was peace between the tribe and the colonist when Pocahontas married John Rolfe
  • Pocahontas married in 1614
  • Pocahontas changed her name to Rebecca Rolfe.
  • John Rolfe and Pocahontas had a child named Thomas.
  • Pocahontas died in 1617 because she became sick while on a boat.
  • Until 1699, Jamestown was the capital of Virginia.
  • It lasted almost 100 years as the capital until Williamsburg became the new one and it is still the capital today.

Works Cited

"6 Fascinating Things You Never Knew About Jamestown." Ancestry Blog. 01 Sept. 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

"History of Jamestown." History Is Fun. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

"History of Jamestown." Historic Jamestowne. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

History.com Staff. "Jamestown Colony." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

"Jamestown." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 13 Jan. 2011. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

Jarus, Owen. "Jamestown: Facts & History." LiveScience. Purch, 22 Dec. 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

Kelly, Martin. "6 Must-Know Facts About Jamestown." ThoughtCo. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

"A Short History of Jamestown." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

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