Boycotts An Option For Non-Violent Protest

The Montogomery Bus Boycott

The Montogomery Bus Boycott started on December 5th, 1955, and spanned 19 months. For 381 days black Americans refused to ride on any of the Montogomery Buses. It came about 4 days after Rosa Parks was fined for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger. The boycott ended a year after it began when Montogomery was ordered by the Supreme Court to integrate the Bus System.

First Person Account of The Montogomery Bus Boycott By Claudette Colvin

"When Fred Gray called our house in January, we were all surprised. The boycott was almost two months old, and I hadn't heard from any of the leaders since it started, not even Rosa Parks. I was even seven months pregnant. But we told him to come out."

Post Bus Boycott Newspaper Article

Rosa Parks (right) was one of the few women arrested for refusing to get up for a white passenger. Not only did her arrest spark the Montogomery Bus Boycott, but she also played a key role in the success of that boycott. She is one of the most well known civil rights activists of her time.

"You must never be fearful about what you are doing when it is right."

-Rosa Parks
Boycotts were not exclusive to the civil rights era. During the 1980 Olympic Games in Russia, the Us along with 60 other countries refused to participate. The boycott of the Moscow Olympic Games was used a way of protesting the deployment of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

Martin Luther King Jr. (behind) was arguably the most active supporter of black rights. He lead the 381 day bus boycott among many other peaceful protests. There is even a day in January celebrating him called Martin Luther King Day.

Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King outside the courthouse house of the Browder vs Gayle Case.

Aurelia Browder (above) was, like Rosa Parks, one of the few women who stood up against the mistreatment on buses. Her court case, Browder vs Gayle, is one of the most famous civil rights cases. It featured many activists such as Martin Luther King, Claudette Colvin, and Rosa Parks.

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MLA Citations

History.com Staff. "Montgomery Bus Boycott." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2017. <http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/montgomery-bus-boycott>.

Carlson, Jay. "10 Famous Boycotts." Listverse. DIRECTV for BUSINESS, 17 June 2014. Web. 10 Jan. 2017

Hoose, Phillip M. Claudette Colvin: Twice toward Justice. New York: Melanie Kroupa /Farrar Straus Giroux, 2009. Print.

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Hunter DiVirgilio
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