Voice/Tense/Mood hannah rizik

Voice

There are two types of voices. Active Voice and Passive Voice.

Passive: the subject is receiving the act of the verb

Passive Voice Examples

The Rockets, the ones at the Space Center, were designed by NASA.

After the trip, I was hoping that maybe, in the future I could become a NASA specialist.

Active: when the subject is doing the act of the verb

Active Voice Examples

I went to the Kennedy Space Center over Thanksgiving Break.

My family saw many things that were really interesting to me.

*Trick: Normally, a sentence is always passive when there is a verb phrase.

Tense

There are many types of tenses like past, present, and future, but there re two more. Progressive and Perfect Tenses.

Progressive Tense: consist of a form of the auxiliary verb be and the present participle of the main verb.

Progressive Tense is: Be + a Present Participle

Progressive Tense Examples

I am at Disney. ( Present Progressive )

I was at Disney. ( Past Progressive )

I will be at Disney. ( Future Progressive )

Forms of Be

Am

Is

Are

Was

Were

Will be

Perfect Tenses: consist of a form of the auxiliary verb have and the past participle of the main verb.

Perfect Tenses: Have + a Past Participle

Perfect Tense Examples

I have been to Disney. ( Present Perfect )

I had been to Disney. ( Past Perfect )

I will have been to Disney. ( Future Perfect )

Forms of Have

Have

Had

Has

Will have

Moods

Verb forms also indicate mood. There are four moods in English: Indicative, imperative, emphatic, & subjunctive.

Indicative: the form of a verb that is used to state a fact or ask a question

Indicative Moods: state a fact and ask a question

Indicative Mood Examples

We are excited for Christmas.

Have you decorated the tree, yet?

Indicative Verb Examples

can

stops

thinking

was

need

made

Imperative: the form of a verb that is used to give commands

Imperative Moods: gives commands

Imperative Mood Examples

Place the ornaments carefully.

Do not let Oliver near the tree.

Imperative Verb Examples

get

put

choose

hand

Empatic: the form of a verb that gives special force to a simple present or past tense verb. For the present tense, use do or does before the base form of the verb. FOr the past tense, use did before the base form of the verb. Do not confused this with do, does, and did used as auxiliary verbs in questions or negative sentences

Empathic: Do + Verb

Empathic Mood Example

I do think the Christmas Tree look beautiful.

Emphatic Verb Example

do hope

did have

Subjunctive: a verb can express a wish or a condition that is contrary to to fact. The past tense is used to state present wishes or desires or contrary-to-fact conditions. THe past perfect tense is used to state past wishes, desires, or contrary-to-fact conditions

Subjunctive trumps all!!!

The subjunctive mood is also used to express a demand or recommendations after that or to express an uncertainty after if or whether.

Demand after that

Recommendation after that

Uncertainty

Subjunctive Mood Example

I wish it were Christmas tomorrow.

I recommended that you go to sleep because tomorrow is Christmas.

I must insist that you stay for Christmas Dinner.

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