After decades of studying research theorizes that the Shroud of Turin may be real. It is believed by some to be Jesus's burial cloth. Fanti and a research team from the University of Pauda organized 3 tests on tiny fibers taken out of the Shroud during earlier carbon 14 dating tests done in 1988, according to Vatican Insider. The first 2 tests used infrared light and Raman spectroscopy. The third used a test to study different mechanical parameters relating to voltage. The results date the cloth to between 300 B.C. and 400 A.D.
It may be by chance but plainly seen on the body of the crucified man in the Shroud are horrible marks like the ones Jesus had. You can count over 100 whip marks and recognize on his wrists and feet clear wounds. Other marks are consistent with what could have been a crown of thorns.
Much of the debate about the Shroud centers around carbon-14 dating tests from 1988 that concluded the piece of linen came from Medieval Times. However, those results may have been contaminated by fibers used to repair the cloth during the Middle Ages, according to the BBC.
DNA was found in dust on the Shroud of Turin. The strongest genetic signals seemed to come from areas in and around the Middle East and the Caucasus which is not far from where Jesus was buried.
The claims of pollen apparently found on the shroud is fake. Max Frei, who initially claimed to have found the pollen on the shroud has been accused of reporting that the pollen samples he took from living plants were later found on the shroud. CSICOP basically determines that Max Frei's find is fake. A team of Italian scientists led by chemist Luigi Garlaschelli reproduced the shroud effect in 2009: "The result obtained clearly indicates that this could be done with the use of inexpensive materials and with a quite simple procedure."
Antonio Lombatti said the false shrouds circulated in the Middle Ages, but most of them were destroyed. He said the Turin Shroud itself – showing an image of a bearded man and venerated for centuries as Christ’s burial cloth – appears to have originated in Turkey some 1,300 years after the Crucifixion.
The Catholic Church recorded its existence in A.D. 1353, when it showed up in a tiny church in Lirey, France. In the 1980s, radiocarbon dating, which measures the rate at which different isotopes of the carbon atoms decay, suggested the shroud was made between A.D. 1260 and A.D. 1390, lending certainty that it was an elaborate fake created in the Midlle ages.
the Shroud is one piece of cloth that supposedly contains the entire imprint of the body of Christ “from face to feet.” Though the New Testament mentions the linen cloth that the Lord’s body was wrapped in (Matthew 27:59; Mark 15:46; Luke 23:53), Its also important that other cloths were used to wrap the body as well (Luke 24:12; John 19:40; 20:5-7). Christ’s head was separately covered with a small cloth according to John 20:7, which was somewhat like a handkerchief (cf. Acts 19:12). The New Testament expresses that Jesus’ body was prepared for burial. (John 19:40). This would require washing his body.
Although some claim the shroud contains human blood. The Associated Press reported claims that the shroud contains type AB blood stains. Possibly this invalid information has its source in other fake shrouds of Jesus. The Shroud of Turin's stains are not only unbelievably red unlike blood that blackens with age but they failed many tests done by forensic experts. The blood has been definitively proved to be composed of red ocher and vermilion tempera paint.
IN my opinion all the controversies over the Shroud of Turin make it hard to decide whether it is real or not. If i had to decide i would say the Shroud was fake. The information that I found from the Bible saying that Jesus's head was SEPARATELY covered defiantly makes me think that the shroud is fake. Also the tests done by forensic experts proving that it was not real blood on the Shroud, it was just paint. the claims about the pollen also make me wonder about it. Especially If a man was accused of putting pollen on the Shroud. i wish there was a way to fin out if it was real or not.