## Physics in Badmintonvedanshi patel / hour 3

Badminton is a sport for two or four people. Players use rackets to hit a shuttlecock over a net. The aim of the game is to hit the shuttlecock over the net in a way that the other player or pair cannot hit it back properly before it hits the floor. Badminton's history goes back to a game called Poone played in Pune, India. The rules of the game have changed over time and will keep changing. Badminton is a very simple game but it also involves a lot of physics between the players and the ground and the racket with the shuttle cock and many more.

### SPEED AND VELOCITY

Speed and velocity are two of the main elements to any activity including sports. Speed is the distance travelled in a certain amount of time, velocity is the speed of an object in one direction. the speed of the shuttlecock determines the opposing players action ( eg: If the players smashes the racket the shuttlecock will go over to the other side of the net incredibly fast and requires a quick response or the player would win a point). The speed of a shuttlecock and go up to over 206 miles an hour in a game. The player has to run around at a fast pace if they want to make a response and/or not loose a point. The velocity is changed when a player hits a shuttlecock and changes the direction. Speed is one of the main elements of the sport: Badminton.
velocity of a shot

### ACCELERATION

Acceleration is the increase/decrease the speed or velocity of an object. Acceleration applies to the shuttlecock in a very simple way. One player hits the shuttlecock and it decreases its speed as it flies over the net to the other player. Acceleration occurs again when the other player hits it back over the net and changes the velocity. Acceleration also takes place in the player as he/she sprints across the court then gradually comes to a stop before hitting the shuttlecock. It also takes place while swinging a racket as we move it slowly first to a lot faster later and then back to the rest position. Acceleration is what makes Badminton, Badminton.
Acceleration takes place in a badminton smash

### GRAVITY

Gravity keeps the game very simple, and down to the earth (no pun intended). Gravity is the force that pulls everything towards the ground and keeps things from floating around. The part of motion of the shuttle cock when hit in badminton is curved. This is due to gravity’s influence on the shuttlecock. Without any gravity the shuttlecock would keep going. The gravity also keeps the players and net down. It would also be harder to swing the racket without gravity and a force pulling the racket downwards. Gravity keeps the game going but not forever!
gravity pulls the shuttlecock down.

### FRICTION

Friction is the resistance of motion when one object rubs against another. Friction works against the motion and acts in the opposite direction. Air resistance or drag (fluid friction) is the friction that eventually slows the shuttlecock in the air down. The more drag there is the faster the birdie will come to a stop. Static friction is present when the shuttle cock is resting on the ground. It also takes place when the player holds the racket.

### NEWTON'S FIRST LAW

Newton Is very popular for his three laws of motion. The first one is the law of inertia. The first law states that all objects in motion stay in motion until acted upon and objects in rest tend to stay at rest until acted upon! This means the shuttlecock won’t move until a force is applied to it. The racket applies force to the shuttlecock which is at rest to make it move and then it keeps moving until a racket, net or the floor stops the movement. The first law is very simple in Badminton.
the law of inertia

### NEWTON'S SECOND LAW

Newton’s second law of motion is “The force experienced by an object is proportional to its mass times the acceleration it experiences”. The harder you swing your racket the faster and further the shuttlecock will go. This is related to the 2nd law of motion because the larger the mass the more force is needed. But if the mass is as little as the shuttlecock the amount of force exerted would increase the acceleration of the shuttlecock. If the racket is heavier then more force is required to hit the shuttlecock than when the racket is thinner.
this law is applicable in smashes.

### NEWTON'S THIRD LAW

Newton's third law is "for every action there is an equal reaction." This applies to badminton because when the racket hits the birdie both sides create movement. the shuttlecock goes flying across the court. And the racket creates a vibration, often unnoticeable. this vibration can be the"opposite reaction" while the action is the shuttle cock's movement. When the shuttlecock hits the net, the net usually is pressed backward while the shuttlecock falls on the ground. that is another example of the third law in badminton.

#### Bibliography

http://www.ck12.org/physical-science/Types-of-Friction-in-Physical-Science/lesson/Types-of-Friction-MS-PS/

INB

Credits:

Created with images by annca - "badminton shuttle sport" • moerschy - "badminton ball sport" • PDPics - "badminton shuttlecock sports" • alainalele - "badminton simple féminin" • cometstarmoon - "Running Toward Giant Shuttlecock (1)" • danxoneil - "Shuttlecocks @ Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art | Kansas City, MO" • ianpatterson99 - "IMG_9390" • MR MAO PICS - "160513-F-QG390-3542" • Tabble - "badminton bat sport" • alainalele - "BADMINTON" • annca - "badminton shuttle sport"