La Historia de Espana Sean Neylon 8estrellas

Spain is a luxurious place to live with all of the history and resources it provides. Even though it is a beautiful place to see or be, you may have a different view of Spain once you learn more about it's history.

España era un gran lugar para comercio cosas como plata, hierro, cobre y madera. Also, Spain is a great place to visit and get things.

Los Celtas, de hoy en día España fueron los primeros en invadir. Their neighbors were the Iberos. Los dos grupos se combinaron para hacer Celtíberos. There are still parts of these cultures in present day.

Cuando el imperio romano cayó en 409, el Reino de los visigodos, que eran de Alemania, asumió el control de España. They had control for about 300 years until the Arabs, Berbers, Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula in 711. Estos tres grupos derrotó fácilmente a reinos visigodos conquistando casi toda la península.

Siempre parecía haber una guerra constante entre el reino cristiano y los musulmanes en La Reconquista. Catholics believed that Jesus was the savior of Spain, Muslims believed that their savior was Al-Andalus, but the Patron Saint of Spain is Santiago.

Toledo is the City of Tolerance. There were three groups in Toledo ( Catholics, Muslims, and Jews ). Si usted visita España hoy en día, usted verá una arquitectura como iglesias, sinagogas y mudéjar de esta ciudad.

Las batallas entre los católicos y musulmanes terminaron como una derrota del Moro. Moors divided up small groups across Spain. Isabel de Castilla y Fernando de Aragón España la Católica. They solidified their power through religion and military success. Los católicos derrotaron a los moros terminando la Reconquista en 1492 en Granada España.

The Spanish Inquisition was a very horrible time in spanish history. Después de que los moros fueron derrotados, todos los musulmanes en España eran exportados desde el país o tuvieron que convertirse al cristianismo. En 1502, dado el éxito contra los musulmanes, ahora se decide que todos los judíos debían abandonar España o convertirse al cristianismo. They even went as far as using torture and interrogation technique against these groups

Juana daughter of Fernando and Isabel, married Felipe ( el Hermoso) of the powerful Habsburg family. Juana's nickname was "La Loca". The two had a son in 1516 that later became the Roman Emperor, his name was Charles V of Austria/Germany. Bajo su imperio, Imperio Español creció rápidamente logros de Incas, aztecas de oro, plata inundó España desde las Américas, junto con nuevos cultivos: maíz, papas, frutas.

Carlos V no fue el dictador más inteligente tho. He used the funds that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. But, Spain under Carlos V became one of the strongest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of Protestant Reformation across Europe. Cuando él creció viejo, pasó en este legado a su sucesor, su hijo Felipe.

Felipe ll continuó su legado familiar en muchas maneras de cómo continuar guerras contra los protestantes. In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from this marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. Luego los holandeses declaran la independencia de España: comienza la guerra con Inglaterra. In conclusion, in 1588 Spain's Invincible Armada defeated by England.

El Greco also know as Domenikos Theotokopoulos, was a painter from Greece. Viajó a España en busca de trabajo en la decoración de El Escorial. But, once he arrived in Spain, Felipe II hated his style and refused to hire him. Cuando él se negó, se trasladó a Toledo y él golpeó grande.

Felipe ll is succeeded by his son, the aptly name Felipe III. Felipe lll regions from 1598-1621, then is overthrown by his son, Felipe lV. Felipe lV was lucky and reigned over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro. El Siglo de Oro incluye literatura, Drama y Arte.

Felipe lV ended the family tradition of Habsburg by naming his son Carlos ll, by doing so when he died in 1700 he left no heir to ascend to the throne of Spain.

Guerra de sucesión española enfrentó a familias reales y sus naciones contra otros para ver quién gobernaría España. The war ended in 1713, with Spain losing Gibraltar to the English.

The Bourbons were competent rulers. Trataron de convertir España en un estado moderno. They based their ideas on the Neoclassical ideas of the Enlightenment. They are the current Royal family in Spain

Spanish wanted to have freedom from Spain, so, they started a rebellion of the 2nd of May 1808 in Madrid, this begins War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte was removed from throne of Spain in 1812. During these upheavals, most of the colonies in America gained independence. But, the constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy in Spain.

Fernando Vll (son of Carlos IV) ruled from 1814-1833. He passed the Totalitarian rule, which constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812. He died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel the 2nd

After Fernando Vll left only one daughter, the country became divided on the issue of a woman ruler. But, supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos, faced off against more liberal supporters of Isabel. Isabel II ruled through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. But “The Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868 and reigned from 1833-1868.

The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875 -1885, followed by his son Alfonso XII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death) and his mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In Typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of it last remaining colonies in 1989 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco

Unable to put stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. But, the dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country.In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try

The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931, ushering in an era of hope and optimism. They set up a new, progressive constitution, which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church from the State, and creates public schools. This deeply affected Spain in a good way.

I hope you all learned something new about the history of Spain!
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Sean Neylon
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