Cuando el imperio romano cayó en 409, el Reino de los visigodos, que eran de Alemania, asumió el control de España. They had control for about 300 years until the Arabs, Berbers, Syrians from North Africa invaded the peninsula in 711. Estos tres grupos derrotó fácilmente a reinos visigodos conquistando casi toda la península.
Las batallas entre los católicos y musulmanes terminaron como una derrota del Moro. Moors divided up small groups across Spain. Isabel de Castilla y Fernando de Aragón España la Católica. They solidified their power through religion and military success. Los católicos derrotaron a los moros terminando la Reconquista en 1492 en Granada España.
The Spanish Inquisition was a very horrible time in spanish history. Después de que los moros fueron derrotados, todos los musulmanes en España eran exportados desde el país o tuvieron que convertirse al cristianismo. En 1502, dado el éxito contra los musulmanes, ahora se decide que todos los judíos debían abandonar España o convertirse al cristianismo. They even went as far as using torture and interrogation technique against these groups
Juana daughter of Fernando and Isabel, married Felipe ( el Hermoso) of the powerful Habsburg family. Juana's nickname was "La Loca". The two had a son in 1516 that later became the Roman Emperor, his name was Charles V of Austria/Germany. Bajo su imperio, Imperio Español creció rápidamente logros de Incas, aztecas de oro, plata inundó España desde las Américas, junto con nuevos cultivos: maíz, papas, frutas.
Carlos V no fue el dictador más inteligente tho. He used the funds that were pouring in from the colonies to subsidize the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. But, Spain under Carlos V became one of the strongest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of Protestant Reformation across Europe. Cuando él creció viejo, pasó en este legado a su sucesor, su hijo Felipe.
Felipe ll continuó su legado familiar en muchas maneras de cómo continuar guerras contra los protestantes. In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an attempt to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from this marriage would have become King of England, however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. Luego los holandeses declaran la independencia de España: comienza la guerra con Inglaterra. In conclusion, in 1588 Spain's Invincible Armada defeated by England.
Spanish wanted to have freedom from Spain, so, they started a rebellion of the 2nd of May 1808 in Madrid, this begins War of Spanish Independence. Joseph Bonaparte was removed from throne of Spain in 1812. During these upheavals, most of the colonies in America gained independence. But, the constitution of 1812 establishes a parliamentary monarchy in Spain.
After Fernando Vll left only one daughter, the country became divided on the issue of a woman ruler. But, supporters of Fernando's brother, Carlos, faced off against more liberal supporters of Isabel. Isabel II ruled through political turmoil, with the Carlists continually opposing her authority. But “The Glorious Revolution” removes Isabel II from power in 1868 and reigned from 1833-1868.
The Bourbons return to the throne with the reign of Alfonso XII from 1875 -1885, followed by his son Alfonso XII from 1902-1931. Alfonso XIII was born in 1885 (shortly after his father's death) and his mother oversaw the government as his regent in the interim. In Typical Bourbon fashion, Spain quickly begins a downslide, marked by the loss of it last remaining colonies in 1989 and embarrassing military defeats in Morocco
Unable to put stop to the political tension and low morale of the country, Alfonso XII allows a military general to establish a dictatorship from 1923-1931. But, the dictatorship is unable to solve the problems of the country.In 1931, elections are held to determine if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try