Tamil Nadu ranks the highest in the country in successful organ transplants, with the number growing every year. Just in 2016, a total of 917 organs and tissues have been donated till date, which is the highest in India. The reasons for this are attributed to the efficient organ sharing system, managed by the state government.
“We have a very strict and transparent method for allocation of organs. Anyone can check the government website for the waiting lists. The rank on the waiting list is according to the date of registration,” said Sri Kumar, the Chief Program Manager of TRANSTAN.
According to Dr. J Amalorpavanathan, vascular surgeonand former convener of TRANSTAN, during the nine years that he has served, there has never been a complaint from anyone regarding the fairness of the waitlist system.
”There is no jumping the line by anyone for money or otherwise. I think that's why the public trust the system," he said.
When it comes to organ allocation, the levels of segregation include, first the state, since Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra come under TRANSTAN, which is also a Regional Transplant and Tissue organisation centre, and then zones.Tamil Nadu is divided into three zones, namely the North, South and East.All the hospitals under TRANSTAN are provided with all the information of all donors and patients who require organs in the state.
The donated organs are first given within the zone, according to the patient’s compatibility and rank on the waiting list.An organ is given to another zone only when there is no compatible donor within the zone. Again, if there is no compatible recipient within the state, the organ gets passed on to another state.
TRANSTAN also organizes various organ donation awareness campaigns along with NGOs. The authority promotes pledge-taking and donor card-issuing to draw in more potential future donors.
But, according to Sri Kumar, the TRANSTAN mainly focuses upon training and creating awareness among the ICU nurses and other hospital staff.
“It is they who can really keep an eye out for a potential donor so it is important for them to be aware and act accordingly,” he said.