Legislation - Development of tourism act 1969.
The Development of tourism act 1969 was introduced to try to and co-ordinate all of the travel and tourism organisations and provide them with a single voice. the development of tourism is an act to provide for the establishment of a British Tourist Authority and tourist boards for England, Scotland and Wales with responsibility for promoting the development of tourism to and within Great Britain. it also provides for the giving of financial assistance out of public funds for the provision of new hotels and other establishments at which sleeping accommodation is provided by the way of trade or business. The British tourist authority and the English Tourism Council have now been merged to form VisitBritain.
Legislation- Air passenger Duty (APD) 1996
Air Passenger Duty is a tax imposed by the UK government charged on all passengers flying outside of the United Kingdom on an aircraft that has an authorised take-off weight of more than 10,000kg or more than 20 seats for passengers.m
Product Development- Package Holidays
A product within the travel and tourism industry would be package holidays. Package holidays are usually all inclusive and will include things such as; transport, accommodation, food and entertainment. The first package holiday was in 1949 and was organised by Vladmir Raitz. He took 32 passengers to Corsica and charged them £32.50. The package included accommodation in tents, transfers and return flights. Package holidays then started to develop in the 1960s with some of them being sold and advertised by tour operators, offering many people a chance to travel abroad. As package holidays started to increase In popularity they developed further and more package holidays became available to countries all over the world. The major growth for package holidays happens in the 1970s as people became more adventurous and wanted to visit new places around the world. Most package holidays were to Spain and the Spanish islands where accommodation was quickly growing. In our present day most people within the UK will travel outside of it to take a holiday, this statement is backed up by the statistic that there were 56 million outbound trips made in 2013, a 2% rise on the previous year.
Between 1945 and 1960, holiday camps were at their peak, catering for about 60 per cent of the holiday market. Butlins and Warners were the most important names in the market. The holiday camp went into decline in the 1970's as there was a huge demand for sunshine and package holidays abroad increased. Because of this there are holiday parks such as Centre Parks. Its first village opened in 1987 at Sherwood Forest. These Centre Parks offer short breaks, with mid-week, weekend or a longer stay for a certain period of time all year round. There has been a growth in short breaks to British cities and activity holidays in countryside areas of the UK
Destination Development 1990:
Destinations have developed massively since the 1960s through promotion and popularity. The development is that destinations have become more well known in this present day and age, However a few years ago some of these destinations weren't even known and some were never visited but have now been visited and have become extremely popular destinations. The growth of destination development has had an effect on the industry by changing tourism, and destinations forever. With the growth of popularity in certain destinations, visitor numbers increase dramatically bringing in a huge profit due to the amount of people spending their money. As there has been a huge amount of development made to many destinations this has meant that more people want to be ale to travel to these destinations which has caused an increase in airlines and long-haul destinations.
Technological development 1990.
Technological is the development of anything technological that has or can be used within the travel and tourism industry. Since the inventing of the internet, technology has developed dramatically because of the way we now use the internet to book online also developing tourism with how simple it now is to book through the internet the travel abroad. There are also Tablets and Ipads that are commonly used and are easier to book online. Since the 1960’s technology has developed hugely with new products such as check in systems(computers) at airports that are easier products for customers to use making their whole experience easier, forever profiting the travel and tourism sector. - The Internet - has revolutionised the way people buy travel products.
- Call Centres - now used extensively by major holiday companies and airlines.
- Television- new outlets for selling and advertising travel products.
- Self Check - saves costs for travel companies and increase convenience for travellers. When self check-in systems were introduced, passengers could save time by checking in their luggage themselves. Also passengers could choose where they wanted to be seated on the plane and print their own boarding passes out.
Transport for travel and tourism is constantly changing to meet customer demands for safer, faster, more comfortable and affordable travel
Air Travel- Air travel was not a common form of transport in the early 1950's. Aircraft were not powered by propellers and their cabins were not pressurised. As a result of this, plane trips were noisy and aircraft could not fly at very high altitudes. Aeroplane trips were also long, with frequent stops for a long period of time and refuel. However now flights are the most common way to travel to a destination abroad with low cost airlines like 'Ryanair' and 'EasyJet' making very affordable to travel. Most aircrafts are now able to go to the destination without having to make any stops making the journey shorter.
Rail Travel-During the 1950's, most people took long distance journeys by steam train. However in the 1960's diesel trains began running. These trains were much faster and cleaner and could carry much more greater loads. Trains now are fast and can be used to travel to destinations like France via the EuroStar.
Road Travel- Since the 1960's buses have take over much of the role of trams. Cars and buses have began to run well and have been developed majorly making transport a lot easier but also hard for many people. With there being so many cars and buses on the road, traffic often builds up in many places causing problems for most travellers.