History Behind TheOdyssey Audrey Cockrell

What was the Trojan War?

The Trojan war was a war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The war was over the Princess from Greece when the Trojans kidnapped her and wouldn't let her go. The Greeks decided to build a wooden horse to get inside the city of Troy. When they got inside the city they singnaled the other Greek soldiers and let them in. Then they attacked on the Trojans and won.

How did the war start and end?

The tension between everyone began after the Trojan prince, Paris, abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Therefore, they prepared to start a war. There is no actual dates of when the war started or ended. However, "Major excavations at the site of Troy in 1870 under the direction of German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann revealed a small citadel mound and layers of debris 25 meters deep. Later studies have document more than 46 building phases grouped into nine bands representing the site’s inhabitation from 3,000 B.C. until its final abandonment in A.D. 1350. Recent excavations have shown an inhabited area 10 times the size of the citadel, making Troy a significant Bronze Age city. Layer VIIa of the excavations, dated to about 1180 B.C., reveals charred debris and scattered skeletons—evidence of a wartime destruction of the city that may have inspired portions of the story of the Trojan War. In Homer’s day, 400 years later, its ruins would have still been visible." The War was traditionally dated from 1194-1184 BC. The war ended when the Greeks defeated the Trojans.

Who were major players in the war?

Here are the top figures in Trojan War:



3-Ajax the Lesser

4-Ajax the Greater







How does the Odyssey relate to this?

In Odyssey, Homer mentions the Trojan War. Later, archeologist found out that what he had written about was true.

Who is Homer?

Homer was a poet and writer. The Greek poet Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor. He is famous for the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, which have had an enormous effect on Western culture, but very little is known about their alleged author.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.