Skyscrapers and Contemporary architecture

The Skyscrapers

A skyscraper, or high-rise, is a tall and habitable building having multiple floors. When the term was originally used in the 1880s it described a building of 10 to 20 floors but now describes one of at least 40-50 floors which are mainly designed for office, commercial and residential uses.

History

The buildings that started to be constructed, in the early 20th century, in the US, were developed to the sky. It began a competition that involved many companies, builders, engineers and architects. In this way the buildings became taller and taller. The second industrial revolution, with its inventions, fostered the building of towers in the island of Manhattan, in New York. This constructions gained the height of hundreds ft.

Chicago's Home Insurance Building built in 1884, first world's skyscraper.
Empire State Building built in 1931, New York.
Rockefeller Center built in 1939, New York.
Carew Tower built in 1931, Cincinnati.
American Radiator Building built in 1924, New York.

The evolution of the technique

As it happens in every other sector, even the techniques of architecture have evolved in time. This evolution includes a renewed style of the buildings and, the materials used to contruct them, made possible to create breathtakingly beautiful, higher and more resistent towers. Today skyscrapers are mainly made of steel and glass instead of bricks. In the end, in the today's era, the light coming from these towers contribute to beautify the skyline of many cities in the world, in particular, by night.

Burj al Arab, built in 1999, Dubai.
China Central Television Headquarters, built in 2012, Bejing
Kingdom Centre, built in 2002, Riyadh.
Petronas Twin Towers, built in 1996, Kuala Lumpur.
The Shard, built in 2012, London.
Some of the most beautiful skyscrapers in the world.

The World Record

With its 2,722 ft. (829.8 m) and its 164 floors the Burj Khalifa is the tallest structure in the world. It's situated in Dubai and it's became the symbol of the city. The construction of this tower costed 1,5 billion of USD and took 6 years (from 2004 to 2010). Mainly made of glass, steel and aluminium it make the skyline of its city one of the most beautiful in the entire world and it allows to view the surrounding panorama thanks to its 27 different terraces.

Front view of the tower.
The Burj Khalifa comparated to others important buildings.
The view of the Burj Khalifa during the sunrise, the day and the night.

How it's made?

The techniques used to build skyscrapers today don't allow to create sofisticated-shaped buildings only but they allow also to construct them in relatively short periods of time.

CONTEMPORARY architecturE

The evolution of the techniques interested every structure and not only the high height ones. The newest houses have a futuristic and elegant design characterized from polygonal shapes.

Some contemporary architecture houses.

The smart houses

These kind of modern houses also possess an extension that controls lighting, air conditioning, ventilation, heating or even the rolling shutters or the doors. It uses Bluetooth and make houses manageable directly from your smartphone or any electronic device.

Thanks everyone
Created By
Leonardo Silvestri
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "times square new york broadway" All the pics were took on "https://images.google.com/" All the videos were took on "https://youtube.com/" The information about the skyscrapers were obtained on "https://wikipedia.org/"

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