Due Tuesday December 13th by 11:59pm
To Refresh your knowledge of the element of art, Space. Also to connect the art of space to the art of movies and games.
You will accomplish this task by watching and answer questions on an assigned movie. The presentation below will give examples of answers to those questions.
Movie Analysis Presentation:
The element of art that refers to the area around, between, above, below or within an object. Space can also be defined as either negative or positive & with the use of perspective. The scene space can be divided into 3 ground planes: Background, Midground, & Foreground.
- Positive space is best described as the areas in a work of art that are the subjects, or areas of interest.
- Negative space, in art, is the space around and between the subject(s) of an image.
- Linear Perspective is a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional objects and space on a two-dimensional surface by means of intersecting lines that are drawn vertically and horizontally and that radiate from one point (one-point perspective), two points (two-point perspective), or several points on a horizon line as perceived by a viewer imagined in an arbitrarily fixed position.
- In a picture, objects low or directly in front of us are perceived as closest to us and are in the foreground. They are larger, clearer, and brighter than those “behind” them.
- Objects at a medium distance are perceived as mid-ground; they are in the the middle of the frame.
- Objects farthest from us, in the background, are usually higher in the picture; they seem less clear, and their colors are less intense than those in both the foreground and middle ground.
Q1a.) Answer Example:
In Zootopia, theres is a scene where Judy Hops is being yelled at by a store owner, who was robbed right in front of her.
In this scene Judy and the store owner are spaced very closely together inside Judy's small vehicle. They are spaced closely to emphasize the intensity of the conflict.
Q1b.) Answer Example:
In the scene where Judy is chasing the weasel through Little Rotina, the weasel knocks over a row of houses to slow down our hero.
Judy becomes trapped in the negative space between the falling row of houses and the next row of houses. Judy has been placed to the far right side of the scene. While the houses take up the majority of the scene. Using this spacing in the composition emphasizes the cramped space Judy is in.
Q1c.) Answer Example:
Towards the end of the Judy/weasel chase sequence, Judy momentarily stops the weasel by knocking him over. He falls onto a donut shop, in Downtown Little Rotina.
This scene makes great use of one point perspective to convey the distance between Judy, the weasel, and the bag of loot. The perspective is set up from the point of view of the weasel looking through his feet, while laying on top of the donut shop. His feet are in the foreground framing our hero, Judy Hopps, as she makes a mad dash from the background for the bag of stolen goods. The bag of loot is sitting in the mid-ground waiting to be recovered by either Judy or the weasel.
Q2.) Answer Example:
During the final battle scene between the humans and the Night Walker.
There is a scene where the decapitated Walker Night is climbing over the mountains in the background. As he ascends over the ooze covered mountain, in the mid-ground, the soldiers fearfully run down the mountain in the foreground. Having each action confined within separate ground planes give an over all feeling of balance to the scene.
Q3.) Answer Example:
In Zootopia, Judy confronts Nick Wilde on the street. In this scene Nick is pushing his hustle partner in a stroller. Judy has stopped Nick in order to ask him if he knew the missing otter, Emmet Otterton.
The composition is set up to draw your attention to Nick by placing him towards the left side of the scene. This is also accomplished by having the buildings across the street point at but not touch Nick. Placing Judy in the right foreground corner facing towards Nick also helps frame him as the focus also.
Q4.) Answer Example:
During one of Santa's toy deliveries a child awakens. Santa franticly hides on the floor of the child's room. Meanwhile Santa's son Steve, and the elves, monitor the situation from inside the North Pole command center.
The placement and spacing of Steve to his elves appoints him as the focus. The elves, computers, and walls surround Steve on three sides in the foreground and background. Steve stands alone in the mid-ground towering over his elves.
Q5a.) Answer Example:
After speaking with Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum, Alice sneaks off and stumbles upon the home of the White Rabbit.
While there she eats a piece of cake that causes her to grow much larger than the space within the house. She bursts out all the doors and windows into the space surrounding the house.
Q5b.) Answer Example:
After Alice falls down the rabbit hole. She lands in a little room with a table and a door she is too big to fit through. Not knowing how to get out of the small room Alice finds and drinks a potion that say "Drink Me" on it.
After drinking this she shrinks so small that the room becomes the size of a football field. Alice's size change increases the negative space between her and the walls.
Q6a.) Answer Example:
At the beginning of Toy Story 3, teenage Andy is asked by his mother to sort through his room and decide what to keep or donate. Andy picks up his good childhood friends Buzz and Woody.
As Andy stands in his room deciding whether or not to keep or donate his favorite toys, we are shown how huge the rest of the room and Andy are compared to them. Placing Buzz and Woody in front of Andy, in the foreground, emphasizes how small they really are.
Q6b.) Answer Example:
At the beginning of Toy Story 2, Rex is playing a video game as Buzz Lightyear trying to defeat the evil Emperor Zurg but he can't because of his tiny arms. As Rex complains about his small arms, Buzz is there watching and cheering him on. During this scene Rex is on top of the desk, in front of the window.
Rex's arms being to short to reach both sides of the controller at the same time tells us he is very small compared to Andy's room.