Ancient Greece By Kacey Myerscough

~Geography & Cities of Greece~

Ancient Greece was a peninsula, or at least the mainland was. This helped people become fishers, sailors, and traders. They also settled in the farming communities because of the good land. The Greeks did not want to leave this place, but mountains, seas, and other landscapes separated the many cities. This caused the cities and communities to become very independent. The ancient cities were mostly located close to the Aegean, Mediterranean, or Sea of Crete sea. some were on islands, like Knossos. This affected them because it gave them good farming land, and lots of water for cleaning, fishing, and drinking. It also discouraged interaction with other cities because there were seas between them.

~Greek Art~

Some types of Greek art are; poetry, epics, pillars, and drama/stage. poetry was a way of carrying stories through the years, and teaching important lessons, like Epics. Epics were very long poems about heroic journeys and deeds, and some famous Epics were The Iliad and the Odyssey. Drama and stage were usually tragedy or comedy-based. some of the best writers were Sophocles, Aeschylus, and Euripides. Pillars were kind of like the trademark of Greece, as well as pottery. The Parthenon was supported by large columns, or pillars. Art impacted Greece because it passed on stories, legends, great rulers, etc. It kept Greek culture alive for thousands of years.

~Greek Art Part 2~ The Hellenistic Era was when Greek Ideas spread to other places, such as Southwest Asia and Africa, and Greeks brought their ideas back to Greece. This happened when Alexander The Great expanded his rule to these places, sharing his ideas.

~Class Divisions~

The idea of Greek citizenship was that every city-state was run by the people. The political community treated each other as equals. This was different from places like Egypt or Mesopotamia, in which the people had no say in anything, and were forced to obey their rulers. The citizens of Greece could choose their officials, pass laws, own property, hold office, had the right to vote, and to fight for their Polis. As said earlier, Greece was different because in other places the citizens had no right to vote, and were forced to follow whatever rules their king or queen put in place.

~Organized Government~

A direct Democracy is a government in which the people vote on the changes made to the country, state, or other place. For example, the United states. A representative democracy, such as the united kingdom, is a form of government in which a single person is elected as head of a group of people, representing them. A Tyranny is when the government or rule is cruel to their citizens. an example is West Asia during 650-400 BC. and an oligarchy is a small group of people that are in control of a country or organization. An example is China.

~Advantages and Disadvantages~ Direct Democracy; An advantage was people could vote, which was a big part in making the place better. An disadvantage was it was difficult to make decisions because of so many people voicing their thoughts. Representative Democracy: an advantage is; the body of the government makes well balanced decisions, and a disadvantage is there is high risk of corruption, due to whoever is elected for the government. An Advantage of a tyranny is it was easier and quicker to make laws and change things, but the ruler could become overpowering, and that is a disadvantage. Lastly, an advantage of an oligarchy is decisions happen rapidly, but a disadvantage is freedom of speech gets cast away.

~Writing~

The Greek alphabet was made up of symbols, some of them closely resembling our alphabet today. The symbol's names were small words, such as Alpha, Beta, Delta, and Omega. The Greek alphabet was the first language to have distinct consonants and vowels. Some of it originated from the Phoenician alphabet. IT was an "ancestor" of Latin and Cyrillic writing and script.

~Religion~

The Greeks believed in many Gods, and there were 12 main gods and goddesses. they all lived on Mount Olympus, and the Greeks made sacrifices to them, held festivals, hoping to get clues about their destiny from them. They also wished for good fortune. The Greeks also believed in the Oracle, which was a sacred shrine where a priest would speak to the gods and goddesses. An example of some Greek gods are Apollo and Artemis. They were twins, Apollo was god of the sun, and Artemis was goddess of the moon.

Artemis was the goddess of the moon. She was also the protector of childbirth, nature and the hunt. She asked her father, Zeus, to grant her her wish of never having a lover. She devoted her time to nature only. Apollo was the sun god. He rode a golden chariot across the sky, representing the sun. He the god of music, and had a golden lyre that he would play. He was also the god of science of medicine, healing, light, truth, and often had prophecies from the oracle.

Credits:

Created with images by NH53 - "Parthenon" • Blok 70 - "Rhodes Town, Rhodes, Greece" • derwiki - "palace of fine arts san francisco california" • 762090 - "ephesus turkey greece" • Thomas Depenbusch - "Greece June, 2010" • PublicDomainPictures - "orthodox greece church"

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