Education Inequality By: Nick Simonds

Segregation is still a problem in society today. Many people think that just because blacks got their civil rights means everything is fair now. Thousands of schools today are unfair to black students and that has resulted in many blacks dropping out our failing to graduate high school. “The national graduation rate for black males is 59%, and 80% for white males.” (Edweek.org) No one has solved this issue but it can be fixed this problem still relates to the civil rights movement because there used to be many completely segregated schools. Although it has been over 60 years since the Brown vs. Board of Education decision, “Black students in the US are still more likely to receive out-of-school suspensions for minor violations of the code of conduct.”(Quartz.com) This closely relates to Brown vs. Board of Education because at both times blacks were at a disadvantage at schools. As you can see, unfair schooling is still a major problem in the United States.

During the the Civil Rights era and the modern era blacks were consistently a minority in terms of schooling. Children of color have historically been subjected to educational inequities. After the decision of Brown vs. Board of Education in 1954, where the US Supreme Court held that it was unconstitutional to maintain segregated schools, practices and policies were developed to maintain segregated settings. The Children’s Defense Fund (CDF), headed by Marian Wright Edelman, was one of the first organizations to look at the disparities in access to education. In its groundbreaking report in 1975, “School Suspensions: Are They Helping Children?,” the CDF analyzed the reports submitted to the Office of Civil Rights. “Although black students accounted for 27.1% of the students enrolled in the school districts reporting to the Office of Civil Rights in the 1972-73 school year, the report found that they made up 42.3% of the racially identified suspensions.”(Children’s Defense Fund) Education inequality was very unfair in the 1970’s but it is still a civil rights topic now. Blacks are targeted at schools and are usually blamed for most bad behaviors. “At the high school level, black students were suspended at more than three times the rate of white students: 12.5% versus 4.1%.”(The Root) This still shows how corrupt the education system is and has been for a long time. Both graduation and suspension rates show that blacks have unfair schooling. The Brown vs. Board of education wanted to desegregate schools and give blacks fair education this is also happening today. Therefore, unfairness in black education is very similar to the Brown vs. Board of Education civil rights movement.

"Violence is black children going to school for 12 years and receiving 6 years' of education." - Julian Bond

On the other hand this issue is nothing like the Brown vs. Board of Education decision. Today, schools are desegregated and allow students of any race. The Brown vs. Board of Education aimed and succeeded to desegregate schools. The appeal by Oliver Brown to integrate all of the schools in America was accepted and put into full action. Brown won his case and he integrated schools and tried to achieve equal education for all. A PBS article about Brown vs. Board of Education said, “Widespread racial integration of the South was achieved by the late 1960s and 1970s.”(PBS) This obviously is different from the unfair schooling today in two ways Brown vs. Board of Education has achieved their goal of integrating schools. Also, Brown vs. Board of Education was a decision made in the courthouse. Giving blacks higher education is a decision that can be made by normal people and school boards. A final reason that these two are different is the differ entirely in the final goal. Although both of these acts have tried to support black education. The fight for better schooling for blacks has focused on graduation rates rather than the integration of schools. Studies show that even with integrated schools blacks are still falling behind. “The report finds that the 47 percent national graduation rate for black males is nearly 28 percentage points lower than that for white males.”(CSG.org) This is jaw dropping difference and one that needs to be fixed by current civil rights movements. Therefore, the unfairness in schools for blacks today and the Brown vs. Board of Education case are very different.

Unfairness in schools is a very big problem in America and anyone can help fix it. For example the Urban Prep Academy has a 100% graduation rate for their all black senior class. Schools should encourage every student to graduate and create a better future. Also, ordinary people like you can help. You could donate to charities such as Teach For America and support black teachers and poverty stricken schools. There are also even easier options like donating your school supplies or books to give to underprivileged kids and set them for an easier school years and better education. Every day one in 600 African American drops out of school or receives a suspension of some sort. This is a serious problem and can be fixed by everyday citizens and education boards everyday.

Works Cited

"100 Percent of Urban Prep Academy Seniors Going to College." 100 Percent of Urban Prep Academy Seniors Going to College | Urban Prep Academies. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2017.

"African American Community Initiative." Teach For America. N.p., 05 Mar. 2017. Web. 05 Apr. 2017.

"College Degree Gap Grows Wider between Whites, Blacks and Latinos." The Hechinger Report. N.p., 15 Apr. 2016. Web. 06 Apr. 2017.

The Council of State Governments. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2017.

Demos. Digital image. Who Owns All The Stuff? N.p., n.d. Web.

Lomax, Michael. "My View: Historically Black Colleges as Relevant Today as When They Began." CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2017.

McBride, Alex. PBS. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2017.

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Created with images by Rod Library@UNI - "African American Read-In 2013" • blmurch - "White & Colored"

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