Another way for diagnosis is to have an ultrasound done. There is a magnetic resonance imaging which sends magnetic and radio waves through the body to form an image. Finally, people can get a biopsy which removes cells and then a doctor will look at them under a microscope.
Breast cancer can be treated in a few ways. One of the most common ways is to have surgery to remove the cancer from the breasts. There is radiation therapy which uses high energy x-rays to kill off the cancer cells and keep them from coming back. Chemotherapy uses drugs that will kill off the cells or stop them from dividing. Hormone therapy gets rid of hormones or blocks the actions of the hormones so the cells will stop dividing. Targeted therapy is to kill off the cancer cells without harming the healthy cells.
The prognosis for the patient is that 90 of 100 people diagnosed with breast cancer will still be living in 5 years.
Breast cancer is autosomal and dominant. 5-10% of people who develop breast cancer occurred from inheriting it. When women inherit the breast cancer gene they commonly will have broken or deformed chromosomes and a greater chance of uncontrolled cell growth resulting in cancer. When men inherit the gene they also have a greater risk of developing cancer.
In 2016, doctors found DNA methylation which is gene ZNF154 which can be found in 15 tumor types and 13 more organs including breast cancer. The methylation leaves marks that can be found. The doctors made a program that can detect the methylation marks in the bloodstream. Being able to find those marks in the bloodstream can speed up the process of finding the cancer. This will help to catch the cancer early and to be able to get rid of it.
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