- People didn't touch them
- Bathroom cleaners
- Not in caste
In the Hindu religion, there were four castes. A caste is a class or group in the Hindu society. Once you are born in a caste, you cannot change it. The highest of the castes is the Brahmins. They were priests and scholars. They would teach the vedas and pray near the Ganges River. Next is the Kshatriyas. They were the warriors and the kings in the Hindu society. One of the lowest was the vaishyas. They were landowners and merchants. They would sell things like food and land. The lowest was the sudras. They were one of the common people. They would be peasants or servants, like helping their owner with farming, etc. However, there was another caste out of the caste system. They were the untouchables. People would avoid them and they would have the worst jobs such as sweeping, bathroom cleaning, etc.
What journeys did he go through in the forest?
- How did he survive from hunger?
- Who did he meet?
- What dangers did he come across?
When Siddhartha was 29, he left the palace in search of enlightenment. He spent a year with two elderly masters at meditation. They helped him to calm and train his mind. After that, he met 5 men about his age that were giving up their desires and pushing their bodies to their limits to find enlightenment. Siddhartha fasted and starved himself for 6 years. When he started to feel that he would never find enlightenment like this, he started to eat again because he thought of how everyone else in the palace was enjoying themselves but Siddhartha was just seeing suffering and death. The other 5 men saw this and they disgusted him. So Siddhartha left this place and went to a tree where he vowed to meditate until he found enlightenment. This tree later became known as the Bodhi tree, or the enlightenment tree. But, the demon Mara, who tries to tempt and destroy, tried to stop Siddhartha from finding enlightenment because he knew that if Siddhartha found the path to enlightenment, he would also tell others how to escape his evil power. However, Siddhartha resisted all of his attacks. Resisting his attacks, he found out that no one can escape death. He learned that the way to avoid suffering is to free your mind from wanting anything or the thing that you desire. With this, he became the Buddha, or the awakened one.