World Religions By: Richard Bae

Hinduism

How did the Caste system develop over the years?

  • What is the highest Caste called?
  • What is the lowest Caste called?
  • How many different Castes are there?
An image of the Caste system
A Brahmin Priest

Brahmins

  • Priests
  • Academics

Kshatryia

  • Warriors
  • Kings

Vaishya

  • Merchants
  • Landowners

Sudra

  • Commoners
  • Peasants
  • Servants

Untouchables

  • People didn't touch them
  • Sweepers
  • Bathroom cleaners
  • Not in caste

In the Hindu religion, there were four castes. A caste is a class or group in the Hindu society. Once you are born in a caste, you cannot change it. The highest of the castes is the Brahmins. They were priests and scholars. They would teach the vedas and pray near the Ganges River. Next is the Kshatriyas. They were the warriors and the kings in the Hindu society. One of the lowest was the vaishyas. They were landowners and merchants. They would sell things like food and land. The lowest was the sudras. They were one of the common people. They would be peasants or servants, like helping their owner with farming, etc. However, there was another caste out of the caste system. They were the untouchables. People would avoid them and they would have the worst jobs such as sweeping, bathroom cleaning, etc.

Buddhism

What journeys did he go through in the forest?

  • How did he survive from hunger?
  • Who did he meet?
  • What dangers did he come across?

When Siddhartha was 29, he left the palace in search of enlightenment. He spent a year with two elderly masters at meditation. They helped him to calm and train his mind. After that, he met 5 men about his age that were giving up their desires and pushing their bodies to their limits to find enlightenment. Siddhartha fasted and starved himself for 6 years. When he started to feel that he would never find enlightenment like this, he started to eat again because he thought of how everyone else in the palace was enjoying themselves but Siddhartha was just seeing suffering and death. The other 5 men saw this and they disgusted him. So Siddhartha left this place and went to a tree where he vowed to meditate until he found enlightenment. This tree later became known as the Bodhi tree, or the enlightenment tree. But, the demon Mara, who tries to tempt and destroy, tried to stop Siddhartha from finding enlightenment because he knew that if Siddhartha found the path to enlightenment, he would also tell others how to escape his evil power. However, Siddhartha resisted all of his attacks. Resisting his attacks, he found out that no one can escape death. He learned that the way to avoid suffering is to free your mind from wanting anything or the thing that you desire. With this, he became the Buddha, or the awakened one.

Left: The Demon Mara, Right: Siddhartha praying under the Bodhi tree, Bottom: The Bodhi tree that is now in a temple in India

Judaism

What are the teachings in the Torah?

  • Who made it?
  • When was it made?
  • When is it used?
The Torah

Torah

The Torah is Judaism's most sacred text, consisting of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. It contains written records and teachings of the Jews, and 613 commandments that direct moral and religious conduct. The Ten Commandments that Moses received from God are part of the Torah. Some of the commandments are about their duties to god. Other commandments taught about the right way for people to live, and the rest of the commandments opposed stealing, lying, and murdering.

Christianity

When and where was the Crucifix?

  • How high was he hanged?
  • How long was he hanged?
  • How old was he when he was hanged?
The Crucifixion of Jesus

The Crucifixion of Jesus

Jesus Christ, the Messiah or the saviour, was crucified because not only did Jesus proclaim that he was god's son, which was illegal in the Jewish law, but also, as Jesus's number of followers grew, the Romans were worried that Jesus might build an army and take over the Roman empire. Besides, he had performed so many miracles. "Would the Messiah perform more miracles than this man?" A follower of Jesus said. One day, Judas, a greedy disciple of Jesus, betrayed him by telling the Romans where Jesus was for a few silver coins. The Romans came and took him away. This was the beginning of the crucifixion of Jesus. On passover day, he was taken to the governor's palace. There he talked with Pilate and Pilate wanted to find out a way to set Jesus free because he found no reason to condemn Jesus. But the Romans chanted in disagreement and at last, Pilate agreed to crucify him, but Pilate wouldn't be involved in the crucifixion. First, The Romans used a whip called the flaregum and whipped Jesus's back and beat Jesus up. Then the Romans forced Jesus to bring his own Patibulum, or a crossbar that weighed around 100 pounds, to the execution site. The journey to the execution site was well over two football fields. There he was pinned to a cross with nails on his feet and hands. "Forgive them father, for they don't know what they are doing." He said as Romans stood at the site cheering in joy and his followers telling him to save himself if he was the Messiah. Jesus knew that he did everything that the scripture said the Messiah would do and in order to make it exist, he said, "I am thirsty." He drank the wine that the Roman's offered him and gave up his spirit. Three days after he was buried, he was gone from his tomb and appeared where his disciples were behind locked doors. Jesus stayed with them for sometime before he went to join his father in heaven again. This was the Resurrection.

Sources

ISlam

What are the main teachings of the Koran/Qur'an?

  • Why can't the Koran touch the floor?
  • How many Surahs are there?
  • How/When did Muhammad receive the Koran?
The Koran/Qur'an

The Koran/Qur'an is an Islamic holy scripture. It has 114 surahs, or chapters, and it is written in Arabic. It is believed by Muslims that the Koran is the word from God received by Muhammad. Muslims believe that when Muhammad received the Koran from god, it was written in Arabic. So, they believe that they must read the book in Arabic. Muslims believe that the Koran can guide them and help them gain spiritual sustenance. Children whom are Muslim start to memorise the verses of the Koran that they recite during prayer. Some people even memorise the whole Koran. The Koran not only talks about Allah and how he is the only God, but it also talks about Muhammad and his role as a prophet.

Created By
Richard Bae
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Created with images by VasenkaPhotography - "Java ~ Hindu Temple ~ Prambanan"

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