kid·ney stones are hard masses formed in the kidneys, typically consisting of insoluble calcium compounds; a renal calculus.
Signs and Symptoms
Kidney stones are often times not noticed until the begin to move around and try to pass through the ureter. Pain caused by a kidney stone may change as the stone moves through your urinary tract.Kidney stones have many symptoms including: Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs,Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin, pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity,Pain on urination,Pink, red or brown urine,Cloudy or foul-smelling urine, Nausea and vomiting, Persistent need to urinate, Urinating more often than usual, Fever and chills if an infection is present,Urinating small amounts of urine
Small stones- water, pain relievers and medical therapy, dietary change to make them pass or break down.
Larger Stones- electric shocks to break them down, Surgery to remove very large stones in the kidney, Using a scope to remove stones, and Parathyroid gland surgery