Ancient Egypt By: Sophia and Alexis

Egypt

The kingdoms of Egypt

Ancient Egypt had three different kingdoms, the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the Old Kingdom. The Old Kingdom was from 3100 B.C. to 2040 B.C. The Middle Kingdom was from 2040 B.C. to 1700 B.C. The New Kingdom was from 1600 B.C. to 1100 B.C.

Pyramid of Giza
Pyramids

The Old Kingdom

The Old Kingdom was also known as the "Age Of Pyramids" During the Old Kingdom King Sneferu perfected the art of pyramid building. It also includes the 4th dynasty. The pyramid of Giza was used as the pyramid for royalty. The Old Kingdom was known as the kingdom of wealth and prosperity. The kings (who were not known as pharaohs until the new kingdom) were treated like gods. There is not as much known about the old kingdom as the Middle and new kingdoms, but we do know this the Old Kingdom was definitely the start of an amazing civilization known as Ancient Egypt.

The Middle Kingdom

The middle kingdom lasted from 2040 - 1700 b.c.. The middle kingdom is known as the Period of Reunification. This time period has the 11th and 12th dynasties some say the 13th dynasty is included. Artist liked to paint kings or gods. One Of the best known and most popular piece is the The Tale of Sinuhe. Sculptures and paintings were often based on daily life and the surroundings.

Rock Temple

detail temple of Rameses ll

The New Kingdom

The New Kingdom last from 1700 to 1100 BC. The New Kingdom was the golden age of the civilization of Ancient Egypt. The 18th, 19th, and the 20th, dynasties ruled during the New Kingdom. Some of the most famous Egyptians pharaohs such as Ramses II, Thutmose III, Hatshepsut, Tutankhamun and Akhenaten. During the New Kingdom the Egyptian Empire conquered most lands. The pharaohs used their money to build massive temples to their gods. There was eleven pharaohs who had the name Ramesses. The Egyptians spoke, Ancient Egyptian, Nubian, and Canaanite.

Religion

The Egyptians believed in many different gods, but the main god they believed in was Ra, the sun god. They also believed in the after life. They thought that once someone died their soul would be reborn back into their body. Because of that the royalty were buried with all of their favorite things, gold and other treasures in different pyramids such as the pyramids of Giza. You may have wondered why did the Egyptians mummify people when they died. Well they did that because when there soul gets reborn it will be easy to find their body again. The Egyptians originally just put the body in a coffin, but they soon realized the body would decay and not preserve. The Egyptians religion definitely have shaped then into the mighty civilization they are today.

Works Cited

@ahencyclopedia. "Middle Kingdom of Egypt." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web. 08 Dec. 2016.

@ahencyclopedia. "Old Kingdom of Egypt." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

"Ancient Egypt." Ancient Egypt for Kids: Middle Kingdom. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

"Middle Kingdom of Egypt." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 08 Dec. 2016.

"Mummification Homepage." Mummification Homepage. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

"New Kingdom of Egypt." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

"Old Kingdom of Egypt." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 07 Dec. 2016.

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