Anne Frank Portfolio Matthew Cheng- Period: 1

Anne Frank Bio

Exploring the Setting

Anne Frank's House

Anne Frank's house is one of the most popular and significant landmarks in Amsterdam. This is where the famous Secret Annex is located and was the place where Anne and her family hid from the Nazis until they were discovered. The house has now become a museum where many people visit to learn about the hardships that Anne and her family lived through. The building is located on a canal called the Prinsengracht, close to the Westerkerk, in central Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

Front view of entrance to Anne Frank's home
Photo of back of Anne Frank's home

Van Gogh Museum

The Van Gogh Museum is an art museum that holds the largest collection of Van Gogh paintings, drawings, and other artworks. Here visitors are able to learn and "meet" Van Gogh and see some of his greatest artworks. The museum opened on June 2, 1973 and has had millions of visitors since then. The museum is in buildings designed by Gerrit Rietveld and Kisho KurokawaIt and is located at the Museum Square in the borough Amsterdam South.

Interior of Van Gogh Museum
Van Gogh's painting The Starry Night

Nuremberg Laws

Chart used to find out who was a Jew by discovering Jewish bloodlines

1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.

2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.

3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.

4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.

5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.

The Nuremberg Laws were laws that the Nazis issued that discriminated against Jews. These laws took away some of the rights of Jewish people such as not being able to fly the German flag or marry a German citizen. The Laws made the Jewish people upset because they hadn't done anything wrong and now they were being persecuted. However the laws also made the Jews fearful of the Nazis and marked the beginning of the end. The reason that the Germans wrote these laws were they needed a scapegoat so they blamed the Jews for all their problems such as the lost of WW 1. The laws were very unfair but the Nazis used the fact that the laws weren't that much different from America's Jim Crow Laws to validate their actions. I believe that it wasn't right for the Nazis to put out these laws and it wasn't fair for the Jewish people but the difference between America and Germany is while the laws were similar, Germany tried killing all of the Jews while the Americans didn't try to murder all of the African Americans.

Propaganda

Propaganda is biased information that is used to help promote or criticize a certain idea or group. Propaganda was used during World War I and World War II to help recruit soldiers and to criticize their opponents. Often times propaganda is exaggerated and uses rumors to stir emotions within the people they are trying to persuade. Propaganda can be displayed through film, posters, flyers, stamps, and the media. Often times propaganda made the enemy look stupid, ugly, or dumb and made themselves look powerful and strong. Propaganda was used within Nazi Germany, The United States, and Japan during World War II to help recruit soldiers and stir negatice emotions against their enemies.

Propaganda posters from Nazi Germany, Japan, and the United States

Characters

Anne Frank

Anne was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany and her family moved to Amsterdam in 1933. She was 3 years younger than her sister and received her diary on her 13th birthday. Her family went into hiding in 1942. Anne had a lively nature and was a regular joker. However she had a serious side that was revealed when she went into hiding. Anne and the other inhabitants of the Secret Annex were discovered in 1944 and Anne and her sister Margot were sent to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Anne died when she was 16 a year after she was sent to the death camp.

Otto Frank

Otto Frank was born on May 12, 1889. He was a soldier in World War I and founded his own business after the war. However soon after he had to give up his business because the Nazis prohibited Jews from owning their own business. Otto was the most logical and the leader, the one in charge of planning for everyone to go into hiding. He was sent to a Nazi death camp but survived and after he found Anne's diary he had it published in 1947. Otto died when he was 91.

Peter Van Pels

Peter was born in 1926 in Osnabrück, Germany. He had no brothers or sisters and went into hiding with the other 7 in the Secret Annex. Peter was a shy, quiet boy with little self asteem who liked to work with his hands. Peter thought Anne to be very immature and didn't really have any plans for his future. When they were discoved, Peter was sent to Auschwitz where he survived the selection. He was later relocated to Mauthausen where he died at the age of 19.

Fritz Pfeffer

Fritz Pfeffer was born on April 30, 1889 and was the eighth member to go into hiding at the Secret Annex. He became a dentist and married Vera Bythiner. They had a son named Warner and after Fritz divorced Vera he gained custody of Warner. Fritz soon met Charlotte but they were forbidden to marry by the Nuremberg Race Laws. When the inhabitants of the Secret Annex were discovered Fritz was sent to Auschwitz where he survived the selection. He was then moved to Neuengamme where he died at the age of 55.

Credits:

Created with images by tiseb - "Anne Frank 1929-1945" • *_* - "Line @ Anne Frank Huis @ Amsterdam" • eroyka - "city road pavement"

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