President Roosevelt died in April 12, 1945. Vice President Harry S. Truman took office. Winston Churchill feared Stalin. Churchill said that an iron curtain had come down on Europe. An iron curtain separated the west and the east in Europe during the Cold War.
Kenman made a policy called containment. This policy of holding back or stopping communism. Germany was divided into four zones. The Soviet Union controlled the eastern part of the country. The United States, Britain, France held zones in the western part.